What can Secondary Data Tell Us about Household Food Insecurity in a High-Income Country Context?

Ourega Ejebu, Stephen Whybrow, Lynda Mckenzie, Elizabeth Dowler, Ada L. Garcia, Anne Ludbrook, Karen Louise Barton, Wendy Louise Wrieden, Flora Douglas (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

In the absence of routinely collected household food insecurity data, this study investigated what could be determined about the nature and prevalence of household food insecurity in Scotland from secondary data. Secondary analysis of the Living Costs and Food Survey (2007–2012) was conducted to calculate weekly food expenditure and its ratio to equivalised income for households below average income (HBAI) and above average income (non-HBAI). Diet Quality Index (DQI) scores were calculated for this survey and the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS, 2008 and 2012). Secondary data provided a partial picture of food insecurity prevalence in Scotland, and a limited picture of differences in diet quality. In 2012, HBAI spent significantly less in absolute terms per week on food and non-alcoholic drinks (£53.85) compared to non-HBAI (£86.73), but proportionately more of their income (29% and 15% respectively). Poorer households were less likely to achieve recommended fruit and vegetable intakes than were more affluent households. The mean DQI score (SHeS data) of HBAI fell between 2008 and 2012, and was significantly lower than the mean score for non-HBAI in 2012. Secondary data are insufficient to generate the robust and comprehensive picture needed to monitor the incidence and prevalence of food insecurity in Scotland.
Original languageEnglish
Article number82
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number1
Early online date29 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Food Supply
Scotland
Diet
Food Analysis
Food
Health Expenditures
Health Surveys
Vegetables
Fruit
Economics
Costs and Cost Analysis
Incidence

Keywords

  • food insecurity
  • food poverty
  • prevalence
  • household
  • food surveys
  • secondary data
  • Scotland
  • Poverty
  • Prevalence
  • Diet/economics
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Scotland/epidemiology
  • Family Characteristics
  • Health Surveys
  • Food Supply/economics
  • POVERTY
  • BANKS
  • SECURITY
  • DIET QUALITY
  • MENTAL-ILLNESS
  • HUNGER
  • ASSOCIATION

Cite this

@article{4e344b5bc5b04807ab5f58300a3c0a19,
title = "What can Secondary Data Tell Us about Household Food Insecurity in a High-Income Country Context?",
abstract = "In the absence of routinely collected household food insecurity data, this study investigated what could be determined about the nature and prevalence of household food insecurity in Scotland from secondary data. Secondary analysis of the Living Costs and Food Survey (2007–2012) was conducted to calculate weekly food expenditure and its ratio to equivalised income for households below average income (HBAI) and above average income (non-HBAI). Diet Quality Index (DQI) scores were calculated for this survey and the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS, 2008 and 2012). Secondary data provided a partial picture of food insecurity prevalence in Scotland, and a limited picture of differences in diet quality. In 2012, HBAI spent significantly less in absolute terms per week on food and non-alcoholic drinks (£53.85) compared to non-HBAI (£86.73), but proportionately more of their income (29{\%} and 15{\%} respectively). Poorer households were less likely to achieve recommended fruit and vegetable intakes than were more affluent households. The mean DQI score (SHeS data) of HBAI fell between 2008 and 2012, and was significantly lower than the mean score for non-HBAI in 2012. Secondary data are insufficient to generate the robust and comprehensive picture needed to monitor the incidence and prevalence of food insecurity in Scotland.",
keywords = "food insecurity, food poverty, prevalence, household, food surveys, secondary data, Scotland, Poverty, Prevalence, Diet/economics, Humans, Income, Scotland/epidemiology, Family Characteristics, Health Surveys, Food Supply/economics, POVERTY, BANKS, SECURITY, DIET QUALITY, MENTAL-ILLNESS, HUNGER, ASSOCIATION",
author = "Ourega Ejebu and Stephen Whybrow and Lynda Mckenzie and Elizabeth Dowler and Garcia, {Ada L.} and Anne Ludbrook and Barton, {Karen Louise} and Wrieden, {Wendy Louise} and Flora Douglas",
note = "Funding: This research was funded by NHS Health Scotland with additional funding support provided for Flora Douglas’ and Stephen Whybrow’s time from the Scottish Government’s RESAS programme. Core support to HERU from the Chief Scientist Office Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorates and the University of Aberdeen is gratefully acknowledged. Acknowledgments: This study was also like to acknowledge Bill Gray NHS Health Scotland and Dionne MacKison formerly of NHS Health Scotland for their professional review and support during the project. The authors would also like to acknowledge the anonymous reviewers of this manuscript, whose observations and suggestions improved this paper.",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph16010082",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1660-4601",
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T1 - What can Secondary Data Tell Us about Household Food Insecurity in a High-Income Country Context?

AU - Ejebu, Ourega

AU - Whybrow, Stephen

AU - Mckenzie, Lynda

AU - Dowler, Elizabeth

AU - Garcia, Ada L.

AU - Ludbrook, Anne

AU - Barton, Karen Louise

AU - Wrieden, Wendy Louise

AU - Douglas, Flora

N1 - Funding: This research was funded by NHS Health Scotland with additional funding support provided for Flora Douglas’ and Stephen Whybrow’s time from the Scottish Government’s RESAS programme. Core support to HERU from the Chief Scientist Office Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorates and the University of Aberdeen is gratefully acknowledged. Acknowledgments: This study was also like to acknowledge Bill Gray NHS Health Scotland and Dionne MacKison formerly of NHS Health Scotland for their professional review and support during the project. The authors would also like to acknowledge the anonymous reviewers of this manuscript, whose observations and suggestions improved this paper.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - In the absence of routinely collected household food insecurity data, this study investigated what could be determined about the nature and prevalence of household food insecurity in Scotland from secondary data. Secondary analysis of the Living Costs and Food Survey (2007–2012) was conducted to calculate weekly food expenditure and its ratio to equivalised income for households below average income (HBAI) and above average income (non-HBAI). Diet Quality Index (DQI) scores were calculated for this survey and the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS, 2008 and 2012). Secondary data provided a partial picture of food insecurity prevalence in Scotland, and a limited picture of differences in diet quality. In 2012, HBAI spent significantly less in absolute terms per week on food and non-alcoholic drinks (£53.85) compared to non-HBAI (£86.73), but proportionately more of their income (29% and 15% respectively). Poorer households were less likely to achieve recommended fruit and vegetable intakes than were more affluent households. The mean DQI score (SHeS data) of HBAI fell between 2008 and 2012, and was significantly lower than the mean score for non-HBAI in 2012. Secondary data are insufficient to generate the robust and comprehensive picture needed to monitor the incidence and prevalence of food insecurity in Scotland.

AB - In the absence of routinely collected household food insecurity data, this study investigated what could be determined about the nature and prevalence of household food insecurity in Scotland from secondary data. Secondary analysis of the Living Costs and Food Survey (2007–2012) was conducted to calculate weekly food expenditure and its ratio to equivalised income for households below average income (HBAI) and above average income (non-HBAI). Diet Quality Index (DQI) scores were calculated for this survey and the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS, 2008 and 2012). Secondary data provided a partial picture of food insecurity prevalence in Scotland, and a limited picture of differences in diet quality. In 2012, HBAI spent significantly less in absolute terms per week on food and non-alcoholic drinks (£53.85) compared to non-HBAI (£86.73), but proportionately more of their income (29% and 15% respectively). Poorer households were less likely to achieve recommended fruit and vegetable intakes than were more affluent households. The mean DQI score (SHeS data) of HBAI fell between 2008 and 2012, and was significantly lower than the mean score for non-HBAI in 2012. Secondary data are insufficient to generate the robust and comprehensive picture needed to monitor the incidence and prevalence of food insecurity in Scotland.

KW - food insecurity

KW - food poverty

KW - prevalence

KW - household

KW - food surveys

KW - secondary data

KW - Scotland

KW - Poverty

KW - Prevalence

KW - Diet/economics

KW - Humans

KW - Income

KW - Scotland/epidemiology

KW - Family Characteristics

KW - Health Surveys

KW - Food Supply/economics

KW - POVERTY

KW - BANKS

KW - SECURITY

KW - DIET QUALITY

KW - MENTAL-ILLNESS

KW - HUNGER

KW - ASSOCIATION

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16010082

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16010082

M3 - Article

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1660-4601

IS - 1

M1 - 82

ER -