What community resources do older community-dwelling adults use to manage their osteoarthritis? A formative examination

Kathryn R. Martin, Britta Schoster, Janice Woodard, Leigh F. Callahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)


Community resources can influence health outcomes, yet little research has examined how older individuals use community resources for osteoarthritis (OA) management. Six focus groups were conducted with 37 community-dwelling older adult African Americans and Caucasians who self-reported OA and resided in Johnston County, North Carolina. Descriptive analyses and qualitative constant comparison methodology revealed individuals use local recreational facilities, senior centers, shopping centers, religious organizations, medical providers, pharmacies and their social network for OA management. Participants also identified environmental characteristics (e.g., sidewalk conditions, curb-cuts, handicapped parking, automatic doors) that both facilitated and hindered use of community resources for OA management. Identified resources and environmental characteristics were organized around Corbin & Strauss framework tasks: medical/behavioral, role, and emotional management. As older Americans live with multiple chronic diseases, better understanding of what community resources are used for disease management may help improve the health of community-dwelling adults, both with and without OA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-684
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Issue number5
Early online date7 Feb 2011
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012


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