What ‘Omics Can Tell Us About Antifungal Adaptation

Gabriela Fior Ribeiro, Eszter Denes, Helen Heaney, Delma Childers* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Invasive candidiasis, the most frequent healthcare associated invasive fungal infection, is commonly caused by Candida albicans. However, in recent years other antifungal-resistant Candida species – namely C. glabrata and C. auris – have emerged as a serious matter of concern. Much of our understanding of the mechanisms regulating antifungal resistance and tolerance relies on studies utilising C. albicans, C. glabrata, and the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ‘Omics studies have been used to describe alterations in metabolic, genomic and transcriptomic expression profiles upon antifungal treatment of fungal cells. The physiological changes identified by these approaches could significantly affect fungal fitness in the host and survival during antifungal challenge, as well as provide further understanding of clinical resistance. Thus, this review aims to comparatively address ‘omics data for C. albicans, C. glabrata, and S. cerevisiae published from 2000 to 2021 to identify what these technologies can tell us regarding cellular responses to antifungal therapy. We will also highlight possible effects on pathogen survival and identify future avenues for antifungal research.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberfoab070
JournalFEMS Yeast Research
Early online date27 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Omics
  • Candida albicans
  • Candida glabrata
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Antifungals
  • Resistance

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