The ability to understand and attribute mental states to oneself and others is referred as Theory of Mind (ToM; Premack & Woodruff, 1978). ToM is essential for comprehension of our own behaviour as well as that of others. These self- and other-orientated attributions have been shown to be dissociable through clinical, experimental and neuroimaging studies (e.g., Bradford, Jentzsch, & Gomez, 2015; Bodden et al., 2010, Decety and Sommerville, 2003 and Harari et al., 2010). Here we report how simply rewording whether a real-world problem-solving task is completed from the perspective of the self or others can change how the test is performed.
Hunter, E. M., Phillips, L. H., & MacPherson, S. E. (2016). Where is my key? Where is his key? Perspective taking and social sensitivity of the Key Search task. Cortex, 76, 131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2015.11.008