Where is Nepal in the Nutrition Transition? (1970 - 2010)

Yagya Prasad Subedi, Debbi Marais, David Newlands

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Abstract

Where is Nepal in the Nutrition Transition?
Yagya Prasad Subedi1, Debbi Marais1, and David Newlands2
1 College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Public Health Nutrition, yagya.subedi@abdn.ac.uk; debbi.marais@abdn.ac.uk
2 Department of Economics, University of Aberdeen, International Health Economics, d.newlands@abdn.ac.uk

Abstract
The patterns and trends of the Nutrition Transition in Nepal are unknown. This study aimed to identify where Nepal is in the nutrition transition. Time series data for 10 proxy variables of economic, demographic, dietary and epidemiological shifts were collected in five year intervals from 1970 to 2010 from government and global databases. The structure of the Nepalese economy is gradually shifting from an agricultural to a modern industrial economy. Urbanisation and per capita income have increased. Nepalese dietary patterns have changed with plant fat and sugar as the main contributors to an increased energy and saturated fat trend. Life expectancy has increased and mortality and fertility have decreased. The double burden of disease is evident with the prevalence of underweight and many communicable diseases decreasing, while the prevalence of overweight/obesity and other non-communicable diseases is increasing. In conclusion, Nepal is partially in the Stage 4 of the Nutrition Transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-367
Number of pages10
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Keywords

  • nutrition transition
  • economic
  • demographic
  • epidemiology
  • Nepal

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