Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases

T. Jung*, L. Orlikowski, B. Henricot, P. Abad-Campos, A. G. Aday, O. Aguin Casal, J. Bakonyi, S. O. Cacciola, T. Cech, D. Chavarriaga, T. Corcobado, A. Cravador, T. Decourcelle, G. Denton, S. Diamandis, H. T. Dogmus-Lehtijaervi, A. Franceschini, B. Ginetti, S. Green, M. Glavendekic & 45 others J. Hantula, G. Hartmann, M. Herrero, D. Ivic, M. Horta Jung, A. Lilja, N. Keca, V. Kramarets, A. Lyubenova, H. Machado, G. Magnano di San Lio, P. J. Mansilla Vazquez, B. Marcais, I. Matsiakh, I. Milenkovic, S. Moricca, Z. A. Nagy, J. Nechwatal, C. Olsson, T. Oszako, A. Pane, E. J. Paplomatas, C. Pintos Varela, S. Prospero, C. Rial Martinez, D. Rigling, C. Robin, A. Rytkoenen, M. E. Sanchez, A. V. Sanz Ros, B. Scanu, A. Schlenzig, J. Schumacher, S. Slavov, A. Solla, E. Sousa, J. Stenlid, V. Talgo, Z. Tomic, P. Tsopelas, A. Vannini, A. M. Vettraino, M. Wenneker, S. Woodward, A. Perez-Sierra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An analysis of incidence of Phytophthora spp. in 732 European nurseries producing forest transplants, larger specimen trees, landscape plants and ornamentals, plus 2525 areas in which trees and shrubs were planted, is presented based on work conducted by 38 research groups in 23 European countries between 1972 and 2013. Forty-nine Phytophthora taxa were recorded in 670 nurseries (91.5%); within these nurseries, 1614 of 1992 nursery stands (81.0%) were infested, although most affected plants appeared healthy. In forest and landscape plantings, 56 Phytophthora taxa were recovered from 1667 of 2525 tested sites (66.0%). Affected plants frequently showed symptoms such as crown thinning, chlorosis and dieback caused by extensive fine root losses and/or collar rot. Many well-known highly damaging host-Phytophthora combinations were frequently detected but 297 and 407 new Phytophthora-host associations were also observed in nurseries and plantings, respectively. On average, 1.3 Phytophthora species/taxa per infested nursery stand and planting site were isolated. At least 47 of the 68 Phytophthora species/taxa detected in nurseries and plantings were exotic species several of which are considered well established in both nurseries and plantings in Europe. Seven known Phytophthora species/taxa were found for the first time in Europe, while 10 taxa had not been previously recorded from nurseries or plantings; in addition, 5 taxa were first detections on woody plant species. Seven Phytophthora taxa were previously unknown to science. The reasons for these failures of plant biosecurity in Europe, implications for forest and semi-natural ecosystems and possible ways to improve biosecurity are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-163
Number of pages30
JournalForest Pathology
Volume46
Issue number2
Early online date30 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Cite this

Jung, T., Orlikowski, L., Henricot, B., Abad-Campos, P., Aday, A. G., Aguin Casal, O., ... Perez-Sierra, A. (2016). Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases. Forest Pathology, 46(2), 134-163. https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12239

Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases. / Jung, T.; Orlikowski, L.; Henricot, B.; Abad-Campos, P.; Aday, A. G.; Aguin Casal, O.; Bakonyi, J.; Cacciola, S. O.; Cech, T.; Chavarriaga, D.; Corcobado, T.; Cravador, A.; Decourcelle, T.; Denton, G.; Diamandis, S.; Dogmus-Lehtijaervi, H. T.; Franceschini, A.; Ginetti, B.; Green, S.; Glavendekic, M.; Hantula, J.; Hartmann, G.; Herrero, M.; Ivic, D.; Horta Jung, M.; Lilja, A.; Keca, N.; Kramarets, V.; Lyubenova, A.; Machado, H.; Magnano di San Lio, G.; Mansilla Vazquez, P. J.; Marcais, B.; Matsiakh, I.; Milenkovic, I.; Moricca, S.; Nagy, Z. A.; Nechwatal, J.; Olsson, C.; Oszako, T.; Pane, A.; Paplomatas, E. J.; Pintos Varela, C.; Prospero, S.; Rial Martinez, C.; Rigling, D.; Robin, C.; Rytkoenen, A.; Sanchez, M. E.; Sanz Ros, A. V.; Scanu, B.; Schlenzig, A.; Schumacher, J.; Slavov, S.; Solla, A.; Sousa, E.; Stenlid, J.; Talgo, V.; Tomic, Z.; Tsopelas, P.; Vannini, A.; Vettraino, A. M.; Wenneker, M.; Woodward, S.; Perez-Sierra, A.

In: Forest Pathology, Vol. 46, No. 2, 04.2016, p. 134-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jung, T, Orlikowski, L, Henricot, B, Abad-Campos, P, Aday, AG, Aguin Casal, O, Bakonyi, J, Cacciola, SO, Cech, T, Chavarriaga, D, Corcobado, T, Cravador, A, Decourcelle, T, Denton, G, Diamandis, S, Dogmus-Lehtijaervi, HT, Franceschini, A, Ginetti, B, Green, S, Glavendekic, M, Hantula, J, Hartmann, G, Herrero, M, Ivic, D, Horta Jung, M, Lilja, A, Keca, N, Kramarets, V, Lyubenova, A, Machado, H, Magnano di San Lio, G, Mansilla Vazquez, PJ, Marcais, B, Matsiakh, I, Milenkovic, I, Moricca, S, Nagy, ZA, Nechwatal, J, Olsson, C, Oszako, T, Pane, A, Paplomatas, EJ, Pintos Varela, C, Prospero, S, Rial Martinez, C, Rigling, D, Robin, C, Rytkoenen, A, Sanchez, ME, Sanz Ros, AV, Scanu, B, Schlenzig, A, Schumacher, J, Slavov, S, Solla, A, Sousa, E, Stenlid, J, Talgo, V, Tomic, Z, Tsopelas, P, Vannini, A, Vettraino, AM, Wenneker, M, Woodward, S & Perez-Sierra, A 2016, 'Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases', Forest Pathology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 134-163. https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12239
Jung, T. ; Orlikowski, L. ; Henricot, B. ; Abad-Campos, P. ; Aday, A. G. ; Aguin Casal, O. ; Bakonyi, J. ; Cacciola, S. O. ; Cech, T. ; Chavarriaga, D. ; Corcobado, T. ; Cravador, A. ; Decourcelle, T. ; Denton, G. ; Diamandis, S. ; Dogmus-Lehtijaervi, H. T. ; Franceschini, A. ; Ginetti, B. ; Green, S. ; Glavendekic, M. ; Hantula, J. ; Hartmann, G. ; Herrero, M. ; Ivic, D. ; Horta Jung, M. ; Lilja, A. ; Keca, N. ; Kramarets, V. ; Lyubenova, A. ; Machado, H. ; Magnano di San Lio, G. ; Mansilla Vazquez, P. J. ; Marcais, B. ; Matsiakh, I. ; Milenkovic, I. ; Moricca, S. ; Nagy, Z. A. ; Nechwatal, J. ; Olsson, C. ; Oszako, T. ; Pane, A. ; Paplomatas, E. J. ; Pintos Varela, C. ; Prospero, S. ; Rial Martinez, C. ; Rigling, D. ; Robin, C. ; Rytkoenen, A. ; Sanchez, M. E. ; Sanz Ros, A. V. ; Scanu, B. ; Schlenzig, A. ; Schumacher, J. ; Slavov, S. ; Solla, A. ; Sousa, E. ; Stenlid, J. ; Talgo, V. ; Tomic, Z. ; Tsopelas, P. ; Vannini, A. ; Vettraino, A. M. ; Wenneker, M. ; Woodward, S. ; Perez-Sierra, A. / Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases. In: Forest Pathology. 2016 ; Vol. 46, No. 2. pp. 134-163.
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title = "Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases",
abstract = "An analysis of incidence of Phytophthora spp. in 732 European nurseries producing forest transplants, larger specimen trees, landscape plants and ornamentals, plus 2525 areas in which trees and shrubs were planted, is presented based on work conducted by 38 research groups in 23 European countries between 1972 and 2013. Forty-nine Phytophthora taxa were recorded in 670 nurseries (91.5{\%}); within these nurseries, 1614 of 1992 nursery stands (81.0{\%}) were infested, although most affected plants appeared healthy. In forest and landscape plantings, 56 Phytophthora taxa were recovered from 1667 of 2525 tested sites (66.0{\%}). Affected plants frequently showed symptoms such as crown thinning, chlorosis and dieback caused by extensive fine root losses and/or collar rot. Many well-known highly damaging host-Phytophthora combinations were frequently detected but 297 and 407 new Phytophthora-host associations were also observed in nurseries and plantings, respectively. On average, 1.3 Phytophthora species/taxa per infested nursery stand and planting site were isolated. At least 47 of the 68 Phytophthora species/taxa detected in nurseries and plantings were exotic species several of which are considered well established in both nurseries and plantings in Europe. Seven known Phytophthora species/taxa were found for the first time in Europe, while 10 taxa had not been previously recorded from nurseries or plantings; in addition, 5 taxa were first detections on woody plant species. Seven Phytophthora taxa were previously unknown to science. The reasons for these failures of plant biosecurity in Europe, implications for forest and semi-natural ecosystems and possible ways to improve biosecurity are discussed.",
author = "T. Jung and L. Orlikowski and B. Henricot and P. Abad-Campos and Aday, {A. G.} and {Aguin Casal}, O. and J. Bakonyi and Cacciola, {S. O.} and T. Cech and D. Chavarriaga and T. Corcobado and A. Cravador and T. Decourcelle and G. Denton and S. Diamandis and Dogmus-Lehtijaervi, {H. T.} and A. Franceschini and B. Ginetti and S. Green and M. Glavendekic and J. Hantula and G. Hartmann and M. Herrero and D. Ivic and {Horta Jung}, M. and A. Lilja and N. Keca and V. Kramarets and A. Lyubenova and H. Machado and {Magnano di San Lio}, G. and {Mansilla Vazquez}, {P. J.} and B. Marcais and I. Matsiakh and I. Milenkovic and S. Moricca and Nagy, {Z. A.} and J. Nechwatal and C. Olsson and T. Oszako and A. Pane and Paplomatas, {E. J.} and {Pintos Varela}, C. and S. Prospero and {Rial Martinez}, C. and D. Rigling and C. Robin and A. Rytkoenen and Sanchez, {M. E.} and {Sanz Ros}, {A. V.} and B. Scanu and A. Schlenzig and J. Schumacher and S. Slavov and A. Solla and E. Sousa and J. Stenlid and V. Talgo and Z. Tomic and P. Tsopelas and A. Vannini and Vettraino, {A. M.} and M. Wenneker and S. Woodward and A. Perez-Sierra",
note = "Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to all public and private owners of nurseries and plantings who contributed to this extensive study. T. Jung acknowledges the support by the Regione Autonoma della Sardegna, Visiting Professor Program at the University of Sassari, Italy. The authors also thank the COST Office and the European Council for providing the European COST Actions FP0801 (http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/fps/Actions/FP0801) and FP 1002 (http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/fps/Actions/FP1002), the EU projects FORTHREATS and ISEFOR, and BiodivERsA project RESIPATH as platforms for stimulating discussions on the nursery pathway and possible management solutions.",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1111/efp.12239",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "134--163",
journal = "Forest Pathology",
issn = "1437-4781",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases

AU - Jung, T.

AU - Orlikowski, L.

AU - Henricot, B.

AU - Abad-Campos, P.

AU - Aday, A. G.

AU - Aguin Casal, O.

AU - Bakonyi, J.

AU - Cacciola, S. O.

AU - Cech, T.

AU - Chavarriaga, D.

AU - Corcobado, T.

AU - Cravador, A.

AU - Decourcelle, T.

AU - Denton, G.

AU - Diamandis, S.

AU - Dogmus-Lehtijaervi, H. T.

AU - Franceschini, A.

AU - Ginetti, B.

AU - Green, S.

AU - Glavendekic, M.

AU - Hantula, J.

AU - Hartmann, G.

AU - Herrero, M.

AU - Ivic, D.

AU - Horta Jung, M.

AU - Lilja, A.

AU - Keca, N.

AU - Kramarets, V.

AU - Lyubenova, A.

AU - Machado, H.

AU - Magnano di San Lio, G.

AU - Mansilla Vazquez, P. J.

AU - Marcais, B.

AU - Matsiakh, I.

AU - Milenkovic, I.

AU - Moricca, S.

AU - Nagy, Z. A.

AU - Nechwatal, J.

AU - Olsson, C.

AU - Oszako, T.

AU - Pane, A.

AU - Paplomatas, E. J.

AU - Pintos Varela, C.

AU - Prospero, S.

AU - Rial Martinez, C.

AU - Rigling, D.

AU - Robin, C.

AU - Rytkoenen, A.

AU - Sanchez, M. E.

AU - Sanz Ros, A. V.

AU - Scanu, B.

AU - Schlenzig, A.

AU - Schumacher, J.

AU - Slavov, S.

AU - Solla, A.

AU - Sousa, E.

AU - Stenlid, J.

AU - Talgo, V.

AU - Tomic, Z.

AU - Tsopelas, P.

AU - Vannini, A.

AU - Vettraino, A. M.

AU - Wenneker, M.

AU - Woodward, S.

AU - Perez-Sierra, A.

N1 - Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to all public and private owners of nurseries and plantings who contributed to this extensive study. T. Jung acknowledges the support by the Regione Autonoma della Sardegna, Visiting Professor Program at the University of Sassari, Italy. The authors also thank the COST Office and the European Council for providing the European COST Actions FP0801 (http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/fps/Actions/FP0801) and FP 1002 (http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/fps/Actions/FP1002), the EU projects FORTHREATS and ISEFOR, and BiodivERsA project RESIPATH as platforms for stimulating discussions on the nursery pathway and possible management solutions.

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - An analysis of incidence of Phytophthora spp. in 732 European nurseries producing forest transplants, larger specimen trees, landscape plants and ornamentals, plus 2525 areas in which trees and shrubs were planted, is presented based on work conducted by 38 research groups in 23 European countries between 1972 and 2013. Forty-nine Phytophthora taxa were recorded in 670 nurseries (91.5%); within these nurseries, 1614 of 1992 nursery stands (81.0%) were infested, although most affected plants appeared healthy. In forest and landscape plantings, 56 Phytophthora taxa were recovered from 1667 of 2525 tested sites (66.0%). Affected plants frequently showed symptoms such as crown thinning, chlorosis and dieback caused by extensive fine root losses and/or collar rot. Many well-known highly damaging host-Phytophthora combinations were frequently detected but 297 and 407 new Phytophthora-host associations were also observed in nurseries and plantings, respectively. On average, 1.3 Phytophthora species/taxa per infested nursery stand and planting site were isolated. At least 47 of the 68 Phytophthora species/taxa detected in nurseries and plantings were exotic species several of which are considered well established in both nurseries and plantings in Europe. Seven known Phytophthora species/taxa were found for the first time in Europe, while 10 taxa had not been previously recorded from nurseries or plantings; in addition, 5 taxa were first detections on woody plant species. Seven Phytophthora taxa were previously unknown to science. The reasons for these failures of plant biosecurity in Europe, implications for forest and semi-natural ecosystems and possible ways to improve biosecurity are discussed.

AB - An analysis of incidence of Phytophthora spp. in 732 European nurseries producing forest transplants, larger specimen trees, landscape plants and ornamentals, plus 2525 areas in which trees and shrubs were planted, is presented based on work conducted by 38 research groups in 23 European countries between 1972 and 2013. Forty-nine Phytophthora taxa were recorded in 670 nurseries (91.5%); within these nurseries, 1614 of 1992 nursery stands (81.0%) were infested, although most affected plants appeared healthy. In forest and landscape plantings, 56 Phytophthora taxa were recovered from 1667 of 2525 tested sites (66.0%). Affected plants frequently showed symptoms such as crown thinning, chlorosis and dieback caused by extensive fine root losses and/or collar rot. Many well-known highly damaging host-Phytophthora combinations were frequently detected but 297 and 407 new Phytophthora-host associations were also observed in nurseries and plantings, respectively. On average, 1.3 Phytophthora species/taxa per infested nursery stand and planting site were isolated. At least 47 of the 68 Phytophthora species/taxa detected in nurseries and plantings were exotic species several of which are considered well established in both nurseries and plantings in Europe. Seven known Phytophthora species/taxa were found for the first time in Europe, while 10 taxa had not been previously recorded from nurseries or plantings; in addition, 5 taxa were first detections on woody plant species. Seven Phytophthora taxa were previously unknown to science. The reasons for these failures of plant biosecurity in Europe, implications for forest and semi-natural ecosystems and possible ways to improve biosecurity are discussed.

U2 - 10.1111/efp.12239

DO - 10.1111/efp.12239

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 134

EP - 163

JO - Forest Pathology

JF - Forest Pathology

SN - 1437-4781

IS - 2

ER -