Yours or mine? Ownership and memory

Sheila Jennifer Cunningham, David John Turk, Lynda M. Macdonald, Neil Macrae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An important function of the self is to identify external objects that are potentially personally relevant. We suggest that such objects may be identified through mere ownership. Extant research suggests that encoding information in a self-relevant context enhances memory (the so-called 'self-reference effect'), thus an experiment was designed to test the impact of ownership on memory performance. Participants either moved or observed the movement of picture cards into two baskets; one of which belonged to self and one which belonged to another participant. A subsequent recognition test revealed that there was a significant memory advantage for objects that were owned by self. Acting on items (i.e., moving them) had no impact on memory. Results are discussed with reference to the importance of self-object associations in cognition. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-318
Number of pages7
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Volume17
Issue number1
Early online date31 May 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • self
  • ownership
  • memory
  • social cognition
  • SELF-REFERENCE
  • BRAIN
  • METAANALYSIS
  • RECOGNITION
  • POSSESSIONS
  • PERCEPTION
  • PSYCHOLOGY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • RETRIEVAL
  • FMRI

Cite this

Yours or mine? Ownership and memory. / Cunningham, Sheila Jennifer; Turk, David John; Macdonald, Lynda M.; Macrae, Neil.

In: Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 17, No. 1, 03.2008, p. 312-318.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cunningham, SJ, Turk, DJ, Macdonald, LM & Macrae, N 2008, 'Yours or mine? Ownership and memory', Consciousness and Cognition, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 312-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2007.04.003
Cunningham, Sheila Jennifer ; Turk, David John ; Macdonald, Lynda M. ; Macrae, Neil. / Yours or mine? Ownership and memory. In: Consciousness and Cognition. 2008 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 312-318.
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