β-1,2-Mannosyltransferases 1 and 3 Participate in Yeast and Hyphae O- and N-Linked Mannosylation and Alter Candida albicans Fitness During Infection

Flavie Courjol, Thierry Jouault, Céline Mille, Rebecca Hall, Emmanuel Maes, Boualem Sendid, Jean Maurice Mallet, Yann Guerardel, Neil A R Gow, Daniel Poulain, Chantal Fradin

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Abstract

β-1,2-mannosylation of Candida albicans glycoconjugates has been investigated through the identification of enzymes involved in the addition of β-1,2-oligomannosides (β-Mans) to phosphopeptidomannan and phospholipomannan. β-1,2-oligomannosides are supposed to have virulence properties that they confer to these glycoconjugates. In a previous study, we showed that cell wall mannoproteins (CWMPs) harbor β-Mans in their O-mannosides; therefore, we analyzed their biosynthesis and impact on virulence. In this study, we demonstrate that O-mannans are heterogeneous and that α-mannosylated O-mannosides, which are biosynthesized by Mnt1 and Mnt2 α-1,2-mannosyltransferases, can be modified with β-Mans but only at the nonreducing end of α-1,2-mannotriose. β-1,2-mannosylation of this O-mannotriose depends on growth conditions, and it involves 2 β-1,2-mannosyltransferases, Bmt1 and Bmt3. These Bmts are essential for β-1,2-mannosylation of CWMPs and expression of β-Mans on germ tubes. A bmt1Δ mutant and a mutant expressing no β-Mans unexpectedly disseminated more in BALB/c mice, whereas they had neither attenuated nor enhanced virulence in C57BL/6 mice. In galectin (Gal)3 knockout mice, the reference strain was more virulent than in C57BL/6 mice, suggesting that the β-Mans innate receptor Gal3 is involved in C. albicans fitness during infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberofv116
Number of pages11
JournalOpen forum infectious diseases
Volume2
Issue number3
Early online date10 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Candida albicans
  • O-mannosylation
  • fungal virulence
  • mannosyltransferase
  • β-1,2-oligomannosides

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    Courjol, F., Jouault, T., Mille, C., Hall, R., Maes, E., Sendid, B., Mallet, J. M., Guerardel, Y., Gow, N. A. R., Poulain, D., & Fradin, C. (2015). β-1,2-Mannosyltransferases 1 and 3 Participate in Yeast and Hyphae O- and N-Linked Mannosylation and Alter Candida albicans Fitness During Infection. Open forum infectious diseases, 2(3), [ofv116]. https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofv116