Ψ[CH(CF3)NH]Gly peptides, a conceptually new class of peptidomimetics having a stereogenic trifluoroethylamine group as a natural peptide-bond surrogate, have been synthesized by stereoselective addition of α-amino acid esters to trans-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-nitropropene. Long range nuclear Overhauser effects, detected viaROESY experiments, provided evidence that model Ψ[CH(CF3)NH]Gly-tetrapeptides incorporating a trifluoroethylamine mimic of the dipeptide loop Pro-Gly can be represented by an ensemble of unfolded and folded conformations. The latter are driven by the formation of a hydrogen bond between a carbonyl group and the aminic proton of the trifluoroethylamine unit. MD calculations indicate a population of conformers which adopt folded β turn structures for all the L-peptides; on the other hand, a D-stereochemistry at the Pro residue induces a natural folding towards a β hairpin conformation driven by the formation of a second hydrogen bond, regardless of the stereochemistry of the stereogenic peptide bond surrogate.
- computer simulation
- hydrogen bonding
- models, molecular
- nuclear magnetic resonance, biomolecular
- protein conformation
- protein structure, secondary
Molteni, M., Bellucci, M. C., Bigotti, S., Mazzini, S., Volonterio, A., & Zanda, M. (2009). Ψ[CH(CF3)NH]Gly-peptides: synthesis and conformation analysis. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 7(11), 2286-2296. https://doi.org/10.1039/b901718f