A model of spin-lattice relaxation for spin-1/2 nuclei in the presence of a residual dipole-dipole coupling has been presented. For slow dynamics the model predicts a bi-exponential relaxation at low frequencies, when the residual dipole-dipole interaction dominates the Zeeman coupling. Moreover, according to the model a frequency-specific relaxation enhancement, referred to as Dipolar Relaxation Enhancement (DRE) in analogy to the Quadrupole Relaxation Enhancement (QRE) is expected. The frequency position of the relaxation maximum is determined by the amplitude of the residual dipole-dipole interaction. Experimental examples of relaxation properties that might be attributed to the DRE are presented. The DRE effect has the potential to be exploited, in analogy to QRE, as a unique source of information about molecular dynamics and structure.
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