A dissociation in judgements of confidence in people with dandruff based on self‐reports compared to reports from other observers

Amanda Godbehere (Corresponding Author), Lorraine McDonald, Fiona Baines, Clare AM Sutherland, Timothy J Andrews

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1 Citation (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: It is not clear how well evaluations made by other people correspond with self-evaluations of esteem or confidence. To address this question, we compared measurements of confidence in participants with and without dandruff METHODS: Participants with dandruff were significantly different from healthy control participants on a quality of life measure of scalp dermatitis, but not on self-evaluations of esteem or confidence. To determine whether there were differences in the evaluation of confidence by others, both groups of participants were videoed while they prepared for or gave a presentation in an interview scenario RESULTS: Raters, who were unfamiliar with the identities of the participants, evaluated confidence from the muted videos. In contrast to their self-evaluations, male participants with dandruff were rated as having lower confidence compared to participants who reported a healthy scalp CONCLUSIONS: These findings reveal a difference between explicit and implicit measures of self-esteem in men compared to women with dandruff. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2017 Society of Cosmetic Scientists and the Société Française de Cosmétologie

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-464
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cosmetic Science
Issue number4
Early online date23 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017



  • confidence
  • dandruff
  • first impressions
  • hair treatment
  • self-esteem
  • skin structure

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