A generation of childless women: lessons from the United States

Benjamin M Craig, Kristine A Donovan, Liana Fraenkel, Verity Watson, Sarah Hawley, Gwendolyn P Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Childlessness is a major public health concern in the United States, particularly among educated adults. Among women who turned 45 in 2006, one fifth had no children. We examine the likelihood that a childless woman wants a baby sometime in the future and its determinants. Methods: From 2006 to 2010, 5,410 in-person interview surveys were conducted with childless women as part of the National Survey of Family Growth. Age-specific likelihoods of wanting a baby were compared with likelihoods of having a baby before age 45. Female respondents were 1) born after 1960, 2) age 15 to 44, 3) childless (never given birth to a live infant), and 4) not pregnant at time of interview. Findings: Most childless women at any age want a baby sometime in the future. By age 32, fewer than half the childless women who want a baby will have one. At age 39, the majority of childless women (73%) still want a baby someday, but only 7% will have one. By age 45, more than 1 in 10 women will be childless, but still want to have a baby. Conclusions: Although attitudes toward childlessness have become more positive over time, our findings suggest that the United States is experiencing a high prevalence of childless women who want a baby. Clinicians may consider counseling young women about age-related declines in fertility and the costs and success rates of assisted reproductive echnologies often required for women with advanced maternal age to better inform their career, family, and lifestyle decisions. © 2014 Jacobs Institute of Women's Health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e21-e27
Number of pages7
JournalWomen's Health Issues
Volume24
Issue number1
Early online date15 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

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baby
childlessness
Interviews
Maternal Age
Women's Health
interview
Fertility
Life Style
Counseling
counseling
Public Health
fertility
infant
Parturition
public health
career
Costs and Cost Analysis
determinants
human being
Growth

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Craig, B. M., Donovan, K. A., Fraenkel, L., Watson, V., Hawley, S., & Quinn, G. P. (2014). A generation of childless women: lessons from the United States. Women's Health Issues, 24(1), e21-e27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2013.09.005

A generation of childless women : lessons from the United States. / Craig, Benjamin M; Donovan, Kristine A; Fraenkel, Liana; Watson, Verity; Hawley, Sarah; Quinn, Gwendolyn P.

In: Women's Health Issues, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.2014, p. e21-e27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Craig, BM, Donovan, KA, Fraenkel, L, Watson, V, Hawley, S & Quinn, GP 2014, 'A generation of childless women: lessons from the United States', Women's Health Issues, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. e21-e27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2013.09.005
Craig, Benjamin M ; Donovan, Kristine A ; Fraenkel, Liana ; Watson, Verity ; Hawley, Sarah ; Quinn, Gwendolyn P. / A generation of childless women : lessons from the United States. In: Women's Health Issues. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. e21-e27.
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abstract = "Background: Childlessness is a major public health concern in the United States, particularly among educated adults. Among women who turned 45 in 2006, one fifth had no children. We examine the likelihood that a childless woman wants a baby sometime in the future and its determinants. Methods: From 2006 to 2010, 5,410 in-person interview surveys were conducted with childless women as part of the National Survey of Family Growth. Age-specific likelihoods of wanting a baby were compared with likelihoods of having a baby before age 45. Female respondents were 1) born after 1960, 2) age 15 to 44, 3) childless (never given birth to a live infant), and 4) not pregnant at time of interview. Findings: Most childless women at any age want a baby sometime in the future. By age 32, fewer than half the childless women who want a baby will have one. At age 39, the majority of childless women (73{\%}) still want a baby someday, but only 7{\%} will have one. By age 45, more than 1 in 10 women will be childless, but still want to have a baby. Conclusions: Although attitudes toward childlessness have become more positive over time, our findings suggest that the United States is experiencing a high prevalence of childless women who want a baby. Clinicians may consider counseling young women about age-related declines in fertility and the costs and success rates of assisted reproductive echnologies often required for women with advanced maternal age to better inform their career, family, and lifestyle decisions. {\circledC} 2014 Jacobs Institute of Women's Health.",
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