A novel mutation in USF1 gene is associated with familial combined hyperlipidemia

Eskandar Taghizadeh, Farzaneh Mirzaei, Nazanin Jalilian, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan* (Corresponding Author), Gordon A. Ferns, Alireza Pasdar* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
Familial combined hyperlipidemia or FCHL is one of the most common genetic causes of hyperlipidemia and is associated with elevation of cholesterol, triglycerides or both, and increased serum apolipoprotein B (apoB). Linkage analysis and next generation sequencing have been successfully used for identifying rare genetic variants that have moderate‐to‐large effects.
Methods
We characterized a large pedigree from a proband identified following recruitment into the MASHAD study, in northeast Iran, with FCHL accompanied by early‐onset coronary artery disease. We used linkage analysis for several candidate regions in previous studies such as 1q21‐23, 11q23, and 8p, and then whole‐exome sequencing to identify the disease‐associated gene in this family.
Results
We identified a novel variant in the USF1 gene, leading to a substitution of a tryptophan for arginine at position 196. Arg196Trp co‐segregated in all the affected family members in this pedigree with clinical syndrome and was not found in any unaffected family members of this pedigree, or in unrelated controls.
Conclusions
We speculate that this mutation [Arg196Trp] in the USF1 gene might be associated with FCHL and early‐onset coronary heart disease in this family. However, the substantial mechanism requires further investigation. These findings indicate that USF1 plays an important role in the biological pathways associated with lipid metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-623
Number of pages8
JournalIUBMB life
Volume72
Issue number4
Early online date14 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • FCHL
  • cardiovascular disease
  • cholesterol
  • familial combined hyperlipidemia
  • triglycerides
  • FACTOR-1
  • CHROMOSOME 1Q21-Q23
  • TRANSCRIPTION
  • LINKAGE ANALYSIS
  • PREVALENCE
  • PROMOTER
  • BINDING

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