The accurate measurement of left ventricular volume from tomographic MUGA studies is difficult due to the limited resolving power of the gamma camera, which causes errors in the detection of the correct ventricular boundaries. Therefore, the use of fixed threshold or second-derivative edge-detectors results in overestimates at small volumes. A variable threshold edge-detection technique was developed to overcome this. Computer-simulated short-axis slices through the heart over a range of left ventricular dimensions were convolved by the Point Spread Response Function of the system to model the acquired image. The maximum pixel value and the threshold value required to detect the hue ventricular edge from each simulation were then combined into a look-up table for the calculation of the required threshold value. As the dimension of the ventricle decreased, the threshold value chosen to detect the ventricular edge increased. Left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction measurements were calculated for seven patients using cine-MRI as the gold-standard technique for validation of the proposed method. The single photon emission tomographic studies were analysed using both the standard second-derivative edge-detection software and the proposed variable threshold technique. The variable threshold technique was shown to increase significantly the accuracy of ventricular volume measurements and ejection fraction calculations. The average error in the measurement of volumes was reduced from 41.4 +/- 45.1% to 18.5 +/- 14.6% and the accuracy of ejection fraction measurement was increased from 29.7 +/- 4.6% to 11.3 +/- 6.9%.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Nuclear Medicine Communications|
|Publication status||Published - May 1996|
- ejection fraction
- radionuclide angiography
- volume determination