Advection of active particles in open chaotic flows

Zoltan Toroczkai, Gyorgy Karolyi, Aron Pentek, Tamas Tel, Celso Grebogi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the evolution of active particle ensembles in open chaotic flows. The active professes of the type A + B --> 2B and A + B --> 2C are considered in the limit of weak diffusion. As an illustrative advection dynamics, we choose a model of the von Karman vortex street, and show that the backbone of the active processes is the fractal structure associated with the passive dynamics' chaotic saddle. This fractal dynamics leads to singularly enhanced concentrations, resulting in a distribution of products that differs entirely from the one in conventional active processes. This may account for the observed filamental intensification of activity in environmental flows.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-503
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 1998

Keywords

  • leapfrogging vortex pairs
  • open hydrodynamical flows
  • scattering
  • transport

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