We investigate a novel way of robust face image feature extraction by adopting the methods based on Unsupervised Linear Subspace Learning to extract a small number of good features. Firstly, the face image is divided into blocks with the specified size, and then we propose and extract pooled Histogram of Oriented Gradient (pHOG) over each block. Secondly, an improved Earth Mover’s Distance (EMD) metric is adopted to measure the dissimilarity between blocks of one face image and the corresponding blocks from the rest of face images. Thirdly, considering the limitations of the original Locality Preserving Projections (LPP), we proposed the Block Structure LPP (BSLPP), which effectively preserves the structural information of face images. Finally, an adjacency graph is constructed and a small number of good features of a face image are obtained by methods based on Unsupervised Linear Subspace Learning. A series of experiments have been conducted on several well-known face databases to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. In addition, we construct the noise, geometric distortion, slight translation, slight rotation AR, and Extended Yale B face databases, and we verify the robustness of the proposed algorithm when faced with a certain degree of these disturbances.
Yu, X., Yu, Z., Pang, W., Li, M., & Wu, L. (2018). An improved EMD-based dissimilarity Metric for Unsupervised Linear Subspace Learning. Complexity, 2018, . https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8917393