An overview of the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks: influence of direct human-induced, indirect and natural effects

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Abstract

If biospheric sinks, such as soil organic carbon, are to be used to meet obligations for greenhouse gas emission reduction under the Kyoto Protocol, the permanence of these sinks needs to be considered. Further, since only direct human-induced carbon sinks can be included, and sinks resulting from indirect and natural effects cannot be used, there is a pressing need to separate direct human-induced effects from indirect and natural effects. Since these effects also influence the permanence of soil organic stocks, this paper attempts to synthesize existing knowledge in soil science, and use models to examine the likely influence of direct, indirect and natural effects on the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-680
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Soil Science
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • AGRICULTURAL SOILS
  • TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
  • KYOTO PROTOCOL
  • SEQUESTRATION
  • NITROGEN
  • LAND
  • CO2
  • EUROPE
  • SINK
  • LONG

Cite this

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title = "An overview of the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks: influence of direct human-induced, indirect and natural effects",
abstract = "If biospheric sinks, such as soil organic carbon, are to be used to meet obligations for greenhouse gas emission reduction under the Kyoto Protocol, the permanence of these sinks needs to be considered. Further, since only direct human-induced carbon sinks can be included, and sinks resulting from indirect and natural effects cannot be used, there is a pressing need to separate direct human-induced effects from indirect and natural effects. Since these effects also influence the permanence of soil organic stocks, this paper attempts to synthesize existing knowledge in soil science, and use models to examine the likely influence of direct, indirect and natural effects on the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks.",
keywords = "AGRICULTURAL SOILS, TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS, KYOTO PROTOCOL, SEQUESTRATION, NITROGEN, LAND, CO2, EUROPE, SINK, LONG",
author = "P Smith",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2389.2005.00708.x",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "673--680",
journal = "European Journal of Soil Science",
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publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - An overview of the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks: influence of direct human-induced, indirect and natural effects

AU - Smith, P

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - If biospheric sinks, such as soil organic carbon, are to be used to meet obligations for greenhouse gas emission reduction under the Kyoto Protocol, the permanence of these sinks needs to be considered. Further, since only direct human-induced carbon sinks can be included, and sinks resulting from indirect and natural effects cannot be used, there is a pressing need to separate direct human-induced effects from indirect and natural effects. Since these effects also influence the permanence of soil organic stocks, this paper attempts to synthesize existing knowledge in soil science, and use models to examine the likely influence of direct, indirect and natural effects on the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks.

AB - If biospheric sinks, such as soil organic carbon, are to be used to meet obligations for greenhouse gas emission reduction under the Kyoto Protocol, the permanence of these sinks needs to be considered. Further, since only direct human-induced carbon sinks can be included, and sinks resulting from indirect and natural effects cannot be used, there is a pressing need to separate direct human-induced effects from indirect and natural effects. Since these effects also influence the permanence of soil organic stocks, this paper attempts to synthesize existing knowledge in soil science, and use models to examine the likely influence of direct, indirect and natural effects on the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks.

KW - AGRICULTURAL SOILS

KW - TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS

KW - KYOTO PROTOCOL

KW - SEQUESTRATION

KW - NITROGEN

KW - LAND

KW - CO2

KW - EUROPE

KW - SINK

KW - LONG

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2005.00708.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2005.00708.x

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 673

EP - 680

JO - European Journal of Soil Science

JF - European Journal of Soil Science

SN - 1351-0754

ER -