Anticipating the unobserved: prediction of subclinical seizures

Hinnerk Feldwisch-Drentrup, Matthias Ihle, Michel Le Van Quyen, Cesar Teixeira, Antonio Dourado, Jens Timmer, Francisco Sales, Vincent Navarro, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Bjoern Schelter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Subclinical seizures (SCS) have rarely been considered in the diagnosis and therapy of epilepsy and have not been systematically analyzed in studies on seizure prediction. Here, we investigate whether predictions of subclinical seizures are feasible and how their occurrence may affect the performance of prediction algorithms. Using the European database of long-term recordings of surface and invasive electroencephalography data, we analyzed the data from 21 patients with SCS, including in total 413 clinically manifest seizures (CS) and 3341 SCS. Based on the mean phase coherence we investigated the predictive performance of CS and SCS. The two types of seizures had similar prediction sensitivities. Significant performance was found considerably more often for SCS than for CS, especially for patients with invasive recordings. When analyzing false alarms triggered by predicting CS, a significant number of these false predictions were followed by SCS for 9 of 21 patients. Although currently observed prediction performance may not be deemed sufficient for clinical applications for the majority of the patients, it can be concluded that the prediction of SCS is feasible on a similar level as for CS and allows a prediction of more of the seizures impairing patients, possibly also reducing the number of false alarms that were in fact correct predictions of CS.

This article is part of a Supplemental Special Issue entitled The Future of Automated Seizure Detection and Prediction. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S119-S126
Number of pages8
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Issue numberSuppl. 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


  • subclinical seizure
  • electrographic seizure
  • epilepsy
  • seizure prediction
  • mean phase coherence
  • random predictor


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