Ten bromotyrosine alkaloids were isolated and characterised from the marine sponge Aplysinella rhax (de Laubenfels 1954) collected from the Fiji Islands, which included one new bromotyrosine analogue, psammaplin P and two other analogues, psammaplin O and 3-bromo-2-hydroxy-5-(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid, which have not been previously reported from natural sources. HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic methods were used in the elucidation of the compounds. Bisaprasin, a biphenylic dimer of psammaplin A, showed moderate activity with IC 50 at 19±5 and 29±6 μM against Trypanzoma cruzi Tulahuen C4, and the lethal human malaria species Plasmodium falciparum clone 3D7, respectively, while psammaplins A and D exhibited low activity against both parasites. This is the first report of the antimalarial and antitrypanosomal activity of the psammaplin-type compounds. Additionally, the biosynthesis hypotheses of three natural products were proposed.
- chagas disease
- Chagas disease