Argumentation-based Reasoning about Plans, Maintenance Goals and Norms

Zohreh Shams (Corresponding Author), Marina De Vos, Nir Oren, Julian Padget

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In a normative environment an agent’s actions are not only directed by its goals, but also by the norms activated by its actions and those of other actors. The potential for conflict between agent goals and norms makes decision-making challenging, in that it requires looking-ahead to consider the longer term consequences of which goal to satisfy or which norm to comply with in face of
conflict. We therefore seek to determine the actions an agent should select at each point in time taking account of its temporal goals, norms and their conflicts. We propose a solution in which a normative planning problem is the basis for practical reasoning based on argumentation. Various types of conflict within goals, within norms and between goals and norms are identified based on temporal properties of these entities. The properties of the best plan(s) with respect to goal achievement and norm compliance are mapped to arguments, followed by mapping their conflicts to attack between arguments, all of which are used to identify why a plan is justified.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 20 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Decision making
Planning
Compliance

Keywords

  • Argumentation
  • Goals
  • Norms

Cite this

Argumentation-based Reasoning about Plans, Maintenance Goals and Norms. / Shams, Zohreh (Corresponding Author); Vos, Marina De; Oren, Nir; Padget, Julian.

In: ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems, 20.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5527d53f5fd8437f97e5b770113a4685,
title = "Argumentation-based Reasoning about Plans, Maintenance Goals and Norms",
abstract = "In a normative environment an agent’s actions are not only directed by its goals, but also by the norms activated by its actions and those of other actors. The potential for conflict between agent goals and norms makes decision-making challenging, in that it requires looking-ahead to consider the longer term consequences of which goal to satisfy or which norm to comply with in face ofconflict. We therefore seek to determine the actions an agent should select at each point in time taking account of its temporal goals, norms and their conflicts. We propose a solution in which a normative planning problem is the basis for practical reasoning based on argumentation. Various types of conflict within goals, within norms and between goals and norms are identified based on temporal properties of these entities. The properties of the best plan(s) with respect to goal achievement and norm compliance are mapped to arguments, followed by mapping their conflicts to attack between arguments, all of which are used to identify why a plan is justified.",
keywords = "Argumentation, Goals, Norms",
author = "Zohreh Shams and Vos, {Marina De} and Nir Oren and Julian Padget",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "20",
language = "English",
journal = "ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems",
issn = "1556-4665",
publisher = "Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Argumentation-based Reasoning about Plans, Maintenance Goals and Norms

AU - Shams, Zohreh

AU - Vos, Marina De

AU - Oren, Nir

AU - Padget, Julian

PY - 2019/9/20

Y1 - 2019/9/20

N2 - In a normative environment an agent’s actions are not only directed by its goals, but also by the norms activated by its actions and those of other actors. The potential for conflict between agent goals and norms makes decision-making challenging, in that it requires looking-ahead to consider the longer term consequences of which goal to satisfy or which norm to comply with in face ofconflict. We therefore seek to determine the actions an agent should select at each point in time taking account of its temporal goals, norms and their conflicts. We propose a solution in which a normative planning problem is the basis for practical reasoning based on argumentation. Various types of conflict within goals, within norms and between goals and norms are identified based on temporal properties of these entities. The properties of the best plan(s) with respect to goal achievement and norm compliance are mapped to arguments, followed by mapping their conflicts to attack between arguments, all of which are used to identify why a plan is justified.

AB - In a normative environment an agent’s actions are not only directed by its goals, but also by the norms activated by its actions and those of other actors. The potential for conflict between agent goals and norms makes decision-making challenging, in that it requires looking-ahead to consider the longer term consequences of which goal to satisfy or which norm to comply with in face ofconflict. We therefore seek to determine the actions an agent should select at each point in time taking account of its temporal goals, norms and their conflicts. We propose a solution in which a normative planning problem is the basis for practical reasoning based on argumentation. Various types of conflict within goals, within norms and between goals and norms are identified based on temporal properties of these entities. The properties of the best plan(s) with respect to goal achievement and norm compliance are mapped to arguments, followed by mapping their conflicts to attack between arguments, all of which are used to identify why a plan is justified.

KW - Argumentation

KW - Goals

KW - Norms

M3 - Article

JO - ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems

JF - ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems

SN - 1556-4665

ER -