Assessing the impact of biological exudates associated with soil water repellency

Debbie S. Feeney*, A. Glyn Bengough, Paul D. Hallett, Sheena Rodger, Nia White, Iain M. Young

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Most soils have some level of water repellency as a result of the deposition of hydrophobic compounds from biological sources. The presence, concentration and the orientation of these compounds will contribute, with varying degrees, to the resulting repellency. A practical way of quantifying possible hydrophobic organic compounds within soils could utilise diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy. Peaks in the area 3000-2800 cm(3) of the DRIFT signal are indicative of aliphatic C-H bond concentration, which are thought to induce repellency. Peak areas within this region have been shown to give a more significant correlation with soil water repellency than total organic carbon.

Here we present an investigation using a selection of commercially available biological exudates, both plant (Lecithin and Polygalacturonic acid) and fungal (scleroglucan) derived. Using the exudates, we attempted to induce increasing repellency in experimental soils and kaolinite, alongside comparative measures of the DRIFT signal area. Significant increases in DRIFT peak area were detected as a result of increased chemical concentration; peak area was positively correlated with the number of C-H bonds found within exudates. These results indicate that DRIFT is an accurate means of estimating the concentration of potentially hydrophobic compounds within a soil; however, corresponding increases in water repellency were detected in only some of the treatments. This disparity, alongside variations in peak area between experimental soils containing similar concentrations of exudates, suggest that differing particle properties between soils may have a significant effect upon the orientation of molecules and as a consequence the resulting repellency. Although DRIFT quantifies the presence of hydrophobic compounds well, we found that it cannot be used as a surrogate measure of repellency

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoil Management for Sustainability
EditorsR Horn, H Fleige, S Peth, XH Peng
Place of PublicationREISKIRCHEN
PublisherCATENA VERLAG
Pages475-483
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)1-59326-246-9
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event17th Conference of the International-Soil-Tillage-Research-Organisation - Kiel, Germany
Duration: 28 Aug 20062 Sep 2006

Publication series

NameADVANCES IN GEOECOLOGY
PublisherCATENA VERLAG
Volume38

Conference

Conference17th Conference of the International-Soil-Tillage-Research-Organisation
CountryGermany
CityKiel
Period28/08/062/09/06

Keywords

  • polygalacturonic acid
  • water repellency
  • lecithin
  • DRIFT spectroscopy
  • SANDS
  • EXTRACTION
  • sorptivity
  • scleroglucan
  • Actigum

Cite this

Feeney, D. S., Bengough, A. G., Hallett, P. D., Rodger, S., White, N., & Young, I. M. (2006). Assessing the impact of biological exudates associated with soil water repellency. In R. Horn, H. Fleige, S. Peth, & XH. Peng (Eds.), Soil Management for Sustainability (pp. 475-483). (ADVANCES IN GEOECOLOGY; Vol. 38). REISKIRCHEN: CATENA VERLAG.

Assessing the impact of biological exudates associated with soil water repellency. / Feeney, Debbie S.; Bengough, A. Glyn; Hallett, Paul D.; Rodger, Sheena; White, Nia; Young, Iain M.

Soil Management for Sustainability. ed. / R Horn; H Fleige; S Peth; XH Peng. REISKIRCHEN : CATENA VERLAG, 2006. p. 475-483 (ADVANCES IN GEOECOLOGY; Vol. 38).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Feeney, DS, Bengough, AG, Hallett, PD, Rodger, S, White, N & Young, IM 2006, Assessing the impact of biological exudates associated with soil water repellency. in R Horn, H Fleige, S Peth & XH Peng (eds), Soil Management for Sustainability. ADVANCES IN GEOECOLOGY, vol. 38, CATENA VERLAG, REISKIRCHEN, pp. 475-483, 17th Conference of the International-Soil-Tillage-Research-Organisation, Kiel, Germany, 28/08/06.
Feeney DS, Bengough AG, Hallett PD, Rodger S, White N, Young IM. Assessing the impact of biological exudates associated with soil water repellency. In Horn R, Fleige H, Peth S, Peng XH, editors, Soil Management for Sustainability. REISKIRCHEN: CATENA VERLAG. 2006. p. 475-483. (ADVANCES IN GEOECOLOGY).
Feeney, Debbie S. ; Bengough, A. Glyn ; Hallett, Paul D. ; Rodger, Sheena ; White, Nia ; Young, Iain M. / Assessing the impact of biological exudates associated with soil water repellency. Soil Management for Sustainability. editor / R Horn ; H Fleige ; S Peth ; XH Peng. REISKIRCHEN : CATENA VERLAG, 2006. pp. 475-483 (ADVANCES IN GEOECOLOGY).
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abstract = "Most soils have some level of water repellency as a result of the deposition of hydrophobic compounds from biological sources. The presence, concentration and the orientation of these compounds will contribute, with varying degrees, to the resulting repellency. A practical way of quantifying possible hydrophobic organic compounds within soils could utilise diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy. Peaks in the area 3000-2800 cm(3) of the DRIFT signal are indicative of aliphatic C-H bond concentration, which are thought to induce repellency. Peak areas within this region have been shown to give a more significant correlation with soil water repellency than total organic carbon.Here we present an investigation using a selection of commercially available biological exudates, both plant (Lecithin and Polygalacturonic acid) and fungal (scleroglucan) derived. Using the exudates, we attempted to induce increasing repellency in experimental soils and kaolinite, alongside comparative measures of the DRIFT signal area. Significant increases in DRIFT peak area were detected as a result of increased chemical concentration; peak area was positively correlated with the number of C-H bonds found within exudates. These results indicate that DRIFT is an accurate means of estimating the concentration of potentially hydrophobic compounds within a soil; however, corresponding increases in water repellency were detected in only some of the treatments. This disparity, alongside variations in peak area between experimental soils containing similar concentrations of exudates, suggest that differing particle properties between soils may have a significant effect upon the orientation of molecules and as a consequence the resulting repellency. Although DRIFT quantifies the presence of hydrophobic compounds well, we found that it cannot be used as a surrogate measure of repellency",
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T1 - Assessing the impact of biological exudates associated with soil water repellency

AU - Feeney, Debbie S.

AU - Bengough, A. Glyn

AU - Hallett, Paul D.

AU - Rodger, Sheena

AU - White, Nia

AU - Young, Iain M.

PY - 2006

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N2 - Most soils have some level of water repellency as a result of the deposition of hydrophobic compounds from biological sources. The presence, concentration and the orientation of these compounds will contribute, with varying degrees, to the resulting repellency. A practical way of quantifying possible hydrophobic organic compounds within soils could utilise diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy. Peaks in the area 3000-2800 cm(3) of the DRIFT signal are indicative of aliphatic C-H bond concentration, which are thought to induce repellency. Peak areas within this region have been shown to give a more significant correlation with soil water repellency than total organic carbon.Here we present an investigation using a selection of commercially available biological exudates, both plant (Lecithin and Polygalacturonic acid) and fungal (scleroglucan) derived. Using the exudates, we attempted to induce increasing repellency in experimental soils and kaolinite, alongside comparative measures of the DRIFT signal area. Significant increases in DRIFT peak area were detected as a result of increased chemical concentration; peak area was positively correlated with the number of C-H bonds found within exudates. These results indicate that DRIFT is an accurate means of estimating the concentration of potentially hydrophobic compounds within a soil; however, corresponding increases in water repellency were detected in only some of the treatments. This disparity, alongside variations in peak area between experimental soils containing similar concentrations of exudates, suggest that differing particle properties between soils may have a significant effect upon the orientation of molecules and as a consequence the resulting repellency. Although DRIFT quantifies the presence of hydrophobic compounds well, we found that it cannot be used as a surrogate measure of repellency

AB - Most soils have some level of water repellency as a result of the deposition of hydrophobic compounds from biological sources. The presence, concentration and the orientation of these compounds will contribute, with varying degrees, to the resulting repellency. A practical way of quantifying possible hydrophobic organic compounds within soils could utilise diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy. Peaks in the area 3000-2800 cm(3) of the DRIFT signal are indicative of aliphatic C-H bond concentration, which are thought to induce repellency. Peak areas within this region have been shown to give a more significant correlation with soil water repellency than total organic carbon.Here we present an investigation using a selection of commercially available biological exudates, both plant (Lecithin and Polygalacturonic acid) and fungal (scleroglucan) derived. Using the exudates, we attempted to induce increasing repellency in experimental soils and kaolinite, alongside comparative measures of the DRIFT signal area. Significant increases in DRIFT peak area were detected as a result of increased chemical concentration; peak area was positively correlated with the number of C-H bonds found within exudates. These results indicate that DRIFT is an accurate means of estimating the concentration of potentially hydrophobic compounds within a soil; however, corresponding increases in water repellency were detected in only some of the treatments. This disparity, alongside variations in peak area between experimental soils containing similar concentrations of exudates, suggest that differing particle properties between soils may have a significant effect upon the orientation of molecules and as a consequence the resulting repellency. Although DRIFT quantifies the presence of hydrophobic compounds well, we found that it cannot be used as a surrogate measure of repellency

KW - polygalacturonic acid

KW - water repellency

KW - lecithin

KW - DRIFT spectroscopy

KW - SANDS

KW - EXTRACTION

KW - sorptivity

KW - scleroglucan

KW - Actigum

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 1-59326-246-9

T3 - ADVANCES IN GEOECOLOGY

SP - 475

EP - 483

BT - Soil Management for Sustainability

A2 - Horn, R

A2 - Fleige, H

A2 - Peth, S

A2 - Peng, XH

PB - CATENA VERLAG

CY - REISKIRCHEN

ER -