Assisted reproductive technology in Beijing, 2013–2015

Zehong Zhou, Lixue Chen, Hongping Wu, Danni Zheng, Rong Li, Ben Willem Mol, Jie Qiao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Research question: Why are comprehensive and detailed reports of local or national utilization outcomes of assisted reproductive technology (ART) lacking in China? Design: Retrospective collection of data on intrauterine insemination (IUI) and IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in Beijing, including all 12 registered institutions with cycles, started between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2015. Results: Clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) per aspiration and fresh embryo transfer were 39.1% and 43.2% in 2013, 40.1% and 45.4% in 2014, and 37.8% and 44.5% in 2015; live birth rates (LBR) per aspiration and per fresh embryo transfer were 31.7% and 35.0%, 32.3% and 36.6%, and 30.3% and 35.6%, respectively. In frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles, the CPR per thawed transfer was 43.4%, 47.2% and 46.2%, respectively, resulting in LBR of 34.3%, 37.4% and 36.5%. The prevalence of multiple pregnancies was 28.0–31.3% for fresh embryo transfer, and 23.5–25.9% for FET. The LBR was 8.8–9.1% after IUI with husband or partner's semen (IUI-H), and 16.7–19.7% after IUI with donor semen (IUI-D). The birth defect rate among live born infants was 1.52%, 0.42% and 0% after IUI-H, 1.05%, 0.39% and 0.66% after IUI-D, 0.71%, 0.56% and 0.46% after fresh embryo transfer, and 0.73%, 0.20% and 0.18% after FET in 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively. Conclusions: In Beijing over 3 years, the number of IVF–ICSI cycles has increased and the number of IUI cycles has decreased; IVF–ICSI outcomes are better and safer. Further effort should be made to lower the multiple pregnancy rates. A Chinese nationwide ART registry should be promoted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-532
Number of pages12
JournalReproductive Biomedicine Online
Issue number5
Early online date22 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • Beijing
  • ICSI
  • Intrauterine insemination
  • IVF
  • Outcome


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