AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS

C J MORLEY, P H HEWSON, Alison Jane Thornton, T J COLE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rectal and axillary temperatures were measured during the daytime in 281 infants seen randomly at home and 656 at hospital under 6 months old, using mercury-in-glass thermometers. The normal temperature range derived from the babies at home was 36.7-37.9-degrees-C for rectal temperature and 35.6-37.2-degrees-C for axillary temperature. Rectal temperature was higher than axillary in 98% of the measurements. The mean (SD) difference between rectal and axillary temperatures was 0.7 (0.5)-degrees-C, with a range of 3-degrees-C. When used in hospital to detect high temperature, axillary temperature had a sensitivity of 73% compared with rectal temperature. This is too insensitive for accurate detection of an infant's high temperature. Rectal temperature measurement is safer than previously suggested: perforation has occurred in less than one in two million measurements. If an infant's temperature needs to be taken, rectal temperature should be used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-125
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume67
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1992

Keywords

  • CHILDREN
  • BODY

Cite this

MORLEY, C. J., HEWSON, P. H., Thornton, A. J., & COLE, T. J. (1992). AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 67(1), 122-125.

AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS. / MORLEY, C J ; HEWSON, P H ; Thornton, Alison Jane; COLE, T J .

In: Archives of Disease in Childhood, Vol. 67, No. 1, 01.1992, p. 122-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

MORLEY, CJ, HEWSON, PH, Thornton, AJ & COLE, TJ 1992, 'AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS', Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 122-125.
MORLEY CJ, HEWSON PH, Thornton AJ, COLE TJ. AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 1992 Jan;67(1):122-125.
MORLEY, C J ; HEWSON, P H ; Thornton, Alison Jane ; COLE, T J . / AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS. In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 1992 ; Vol. 67, No. 1. pp. 122-125.
@article{b7ef977d66454f188edc8fdaa7f06612,
title = "AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS",
abstract = "Rectal and axillary temperatures were measured during the daytime in 281 infants seen randomly at home and 656 at hospital under 6 months old, using mercury-in-glass thermometers. The normal temperature range derived from the babies at home was 36.7-37.9-degrees-C for rectal temperature and 35.6-37.2-degrees-C for axillary temperature. Rectal temperature was higher than axillary in 98{\%} of the measurements. The mean (SD) difference between rectal and axillary temperatures was 0.7 (0.5)-degrees-C, with a range of 3-degrees-C. When used in hospital to detect high temperature, axillary temperature had a sensitivity of 73{\%} compared with rectal temperature. This is too insensitive for accurate detection of an infant's high temperature. Rectal temperature measurement is safer than previously suggested: perforation has occurred in less than one in two million measurements. If an infant's temperature needs to be taken, rectal temperature should be used.",
keywords = "CHILDREN, BODY",
author = "MORLEY, {C J} and HEWSON, {P H} and Thornton, {Alison Jane} and COLE, {T J}",
year = "1992",
month = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "122--125",
journal = "Archives of Disease in Childhood",
issn = "0003-9888",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - AXILLARY AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE-MEASUREMENTS IN INFANTS

AU - MORLEY, C J

AU - HEWSON, P H

AU - Thornton, Alison Jane

AU - COLE, T J

PY - 1992/1

Y1 - 1992/1

N2 - Rectal and axillary temperatures were measured during the daytime in 281 infants seen randomly at home and 656 at hospital under 6 months old, using mercury-in-glass thermometers. The normal temperature range derived from the babies at home was 36.7-37.9-degrees-C for rectal temperature and 35.6-37.2-degrees-C for axillary temperature. Rectal temperature was higher than axillary in 98% of the measurements. The mean (SD) difference between rectal and axillary temperatures was 0.7 (0.5)-degrees-C, with a range of 3-degrees-C. When used in hospital to detect high temperature, axillary temperature had a sensitivity of 73% compared with rectal temperature. This is too insensitive for accurate detection of an infant's high temperature. Rectal temperature measurement is safer than previously suggested: perforation has occurred in less than one in two million measurements. If an infant's temperature needs to be taken, rectal temperature should be used.

AB - Rectal and axillary temperatures were measured during the daytime in 281 infants seen randomly at home and 656 at hospital under 6 months old, using mercury-in-glass thermometers. The normal temperature range derived from the babies at home was 36.7-37.9-degrees-C for rectal temperature and 35.6-37.2-degrees-C for axillary temperature. Rectal temperature was higher than axillary in 98% of the measurements. The mean (SD) difference between rectal and axillary temperatures was 0.7 (0.5)-degrees-C, with a range of 3-degrees-C. When used in hospital to detect high temperature, axillary temperature had a sensitivity of 73% compared with rectal temperature. This is too insensitive for accurate detection of an infant's high temperature. Rectal temperature measurement is safer than previously suggested: perforation has occurred in less than one in two million measurements. If an infant's temperature needs to be taken, rectal temperature should be used.

KW - CHILDREN

KW - BODY

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 122

EP - 125

JO - Archives of Disease in Childhood

JF - Archives of Disease in Childhood

SN - 0003-9888

IS - 1

ER -