Basement-cover tectonics, structural inheritance, and deformation migration in the outer parts of orogenic belts: A view from the western Alps

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Abstract

The structure and geology of former rifted continental margins can exert significant influence on their subsequent incorporation into collisional orogens. While thinned continental crust attached to the subducting mantle lithosphere may be incorporated into subduction channels, the weakly rifted parts of the margin are likely to resist subduction and thus deform ahead of the main orogenic front. This expectation is corroborated by a case study from the external western Alps. The former Dauphinois basins have inverted to form external basement massifs. Much of the deformation was widely distributed, with few localized thrust structures. Existing models that invoke distinct deformation events separated in time by a major (late Eocene, “Nummulitic”) unconformity are abandoned here in favor of crustal shortening that was continuous in time. Integrated stratigraphic, paleothermal, and geochronological
data reveal that basin inversion was protracted over 6–10 m.y., coeval with deformation in the more internal parts of the chain. The notion of continuous, rather than episodic, deformation raises issues for the ways in which rates and tectonic activity may be evaluated within ancient orogens.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLinkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems
EditorsR. D. Law, J. R. Thigpen, A. J. Merschat, H. H. Stowell
PublisherGeological Society of America
Pages55-74
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9780813712130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2017

Publication series

NameGSA Memoirs
PublisherThe Geological Society of America
Volume213
ISSN (Print)0072-1069

Fingerprint

orogenic belt
tectonics
subduction
crustal shortening
basin
unconformity
continental crust
continental margin
lithosphere
Eocene
thrust
geology
mantle

Keywords

  • tectonic inversion
  • Alps
  • foredeep
  • basement deformation

Cite this

Butler, R. W. H. (2017). Basement-cover tectonics, structural inheritance, and deformation migration in the outer parts of orogenic belts: A view from the western Alps. In R. D. Law, J. R. Thigpen, A. J. Merschat, & H. H. Stowell (Eds.), Linkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems (pp. 55-74). (GSA Memoirs; Vol. 213). Geological Society of America. https://doi.org/10.1130/2017.1213(03)

Basement-cover tectonics, structural inheritance, and deformation migration in the outer parts of orogenic belts : A view from the western Alps. / Butler, Robert W. H.

Linkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems. ed. / R. D. Law; J. R. Thigpen; A. J. Merschat; H. H. Stowell. Geological Society of America, 2017. p. 55-74 (GSA Memoirs; Vol. 213).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Butler, RWH 2017, Basement-cover tectonics, structural inheritance, and deformation migration in the outer parts of orogenic belts: A view from the western Alps. in RD Law, JR Thigpen, AJ Merschat & HH Stowell (eds), Linkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems. GSA Memoirs, vol. 213, Geological Society of America, pp. 55-74. https://doi.org/10.1130/2017.1213(03)
Butler RWH. Basement-cover tectonics, structural inheritance, and deformation migration in the outer parts of orogenic belts: A view from the western Alps. In Law RD, Thigpen JR, Merschat AJ, Stowell HH, editors, Linkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems. Geological Society of America. 2017. p. 55-74. (GSA Memoirs). https://doi.org/10.1130/2017.1213(03)
Butler, Robert W. H. / Basement-cover tectonics, structural inheritance, and deformation migration in the outer parts of orogenic belts : A view from the western Alps. Linkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems. editor / R. D. Law ; J. R. Thigpen ; A. J. Merschat ; H. H. Stowell. Geological Society of America, 2017. pp. 55-74 (GSA Memoirs).
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abstract = "The structure and geology of former rifted continental margins can exert significant influence on their subsequent incorporation into collisional orogens. While thinned continental crust attached to the subducting mantle lithosphere may be incorporated into subduction channels, the weakly rifted parts of the margin are likely to resist subduction and thus deform ahead of the main orogenic front. This expectation is corroborated by a case study from the external western Alps. The former Dauphinois basins have inverted to form external basement massifs. Much of the deformation was widely distributed, with few localized thrust structures. Existing models that invoke distinct deformation events separated in time by a major (late Eocene, “Nummulitic”) unconformity are abandoned here in favor of crustal shortening that was continuous in time. Integrated stratigraphic, paleothermal, and geochronologicaldata reveal that basin inversion was protracted over 6–10 m.y., coeval with deformation in the more internal parts of the chain. The notion of continuous, rather than episodic, deformation raises issues for the ways in which rates and tectonic activity may be evaluated within ancient orogens.",
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