Blood pressure in four and five-year-old children: The effects of environment and other factors in it’s measurement—the brompton study

M. de Swiet*, P. M. Fayers, E. A. Shinebourne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Systolic blood pressure was measured on a total of 1855 occasions in 1307 children aged four and five years, and compared with values obtained since birth in the same children. There was a rapid rise in blood pressure in the first month of life. The mean blood pressure then only rose from 93 mmHg at six months to 98 mmHg at five years. The 95th percentile was 113 to 114 mmHg over this period. In children aged four and five years, over the ranges studied, blood pressure was not importantly affected by place of measurement, time of day, time since previous meal, or ambient temperature. However, blood pressure was approximately 1.6 mmHg higher in winter than in summer (P < 0.01). Nevertheless, it is unlikely that these factors are of significance when making clinical measurements. Blood pressure was correlated with weight at all ages. Between the ages of four and five years, the index, weight/height1.70was the best function of adiposity tested that was independent of age between four and five years. It is suggested that this or the Quetelet Index (weight/height2) are suitable indices for adjusting blood pressure for body build in children aged four and five years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-505
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume2
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1984

Fingerprint

Blood Pressure
Weights and Measures
Somatotypes
Adiposity
Meals
Body Mass Index
Parturition
Temperature

Keywords

  • Brompton study
  • Diurnal variation
  • Environmental effects
  • Infant hypertension
  • Seasonal fluctuations
  • Variation with age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Blood pressure in four and five-year-old children : The effects of environment and other factors in it’s measurement—the brompton study. / de Swiet, M.; Fayers, P. M.; Shinebourne, E. A.

In: Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 2, No. 5, 10.1984, p. 501-505.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ef7cec8e92fa49f9b6e9a9943e45777b,
title = "Blood pressure in four and five-year-old children: The effects of environment and other factors in it’s measurement—the brompton study",
abstract = "Systolic blood pressure was measured on a total of 1855 occasions in 1307 children aged four and five years, and compared with values obtained since birth in the same children. There was a rapid rise in blood pressure in the first month of life. The mean blood pressure then only rose from 93 mmHg at six months to 98 mmHg at five years. The 95th percentile was 113 to 114 mmHg over this period. In children aged four and five years, over the ranges studied, blood pressure was not importantly affected by place of measurement, time of day, time since previous meal, or ambient temperature. However, blood pressure was approximately 1.6 mmHg higher in winter than in summer (P < 0.01). Nevertheless, it is unlikely that these factors are of significance when making clinical measurements. Blood pressure was correlated with weight at all ages. Between the ages of four and five years, the index, weight/height1.70was the best function of adiposity tested that was independent of age between four and five years. It is suggested that this or the Quetelet Index (weight/height2) are suitable indices for adjusting blood pressure for body build in children aged four and five years.",
keywords = "Brompton study, Diurnal variation, Environmental effects, Infant hypertension, Seasonal fluctuations, Variation with age",
author = "{de Swiet}, M. and Fayers, {P. M.} and Shinebourne, {E. A.}",
year = "1984",
month = "10",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "501--505",
journal = "Journal of Hypertension",
issn = "0263-6352",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Blood pressure in four and five-year-old children

T2 - The effects of environment and other factors in it’s measurement—the brompton study

AU - de Swiet, M.

AU - Fayers, P. M.

AU - Shinebourne, E. A.

PY - 1984/10

Y1 - 1984/10

N2 - Systolic blood pressure was measured on a total of 1855 occasions in 1307 children aged four and five years, and compared with values obtained since birth in the same children. There was a rapid rise in blood pressure in the first month of life. The mean blood pressure then only rose from 93 mmHg at six months to 98 mmHg at five years. The 95th percentile was 113 to 114 mmHg over this period. In children aged four and five years, over the ranges studied, blood pressure was not importantly affected by place of measurement, time of day, time since previous meal, or ambient temperature. However, blood pressure was approximately 1.6 mmHg higher in winter than in summer (P < 0.01). Nevertheless, it is unlikely that these factors are of significance when making clinical measurements. Blood pressure was correlated with weight at all ages. Between the ages of four and five years, the index, weight/height1.70was the best function of adiposity tested that was independent of age between four and five years. It is suggested that this or the Quetelet Index (weight/height2) are suitable indices for adjusting blood pressure for body build in children aged four and five years.

AB - Systolic blood pressure was measured on a total of 1855 occasions in 1307 children aged four and five years, and compared with values obtained since birth in the same children. There was a rapid rise in blood pressure in the first month of life. The mean blood pressure then only rose from 93 mmHg at six months to 98 mmHg at five years. The 95th percentile was 113 to 114 mmHg over this period. In children aged four and five years, over the ranges studied, blood pressure was not importantly affected by place of measurement, time of day, time since previous meal, or ambient temperature. However, blood pressure was approximately 1.6 mmHg higher in winter than in summer (P < 0.01). Nevertheless, it is unlikely that these factors are of significance when making clinical measurements. Blood pressure was correlated with weight at all ages. Between the ages of four and five years, the index, weight/height1.70was the best function of adiposity tested that was independent of age between four and five years. It is suggested that this or the Quetelet Index (weight/height2) are suitable indices for adjusting blood pressure for body build in children aged four and five years.

KW - Brompton study

KW - Diurnal variation

KW - Environmental effects

KW - Infant hypertension

KW - Seasonal fluctuations

KW - Variation with age

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021747773&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 6543370

AN - SCOPUS:0021747773

VL - 2

SP - 501

EP - 505

JO - Journal of Hypertension

JF - Journal of Hypertension

SN - 0263-6352

IS - 5

ER -