A well-known formula of R J Herbert's relates the various homology classes represented by the self-intersection immersions of a self-transverse immersion. We prove a geometrical version of Herbert's formula by considering the self-intersection immersions of a self-transverse immersion up to bordism. This clarifies the geometry lying behind Herbert's formula and leads to a homotopy commutative diagram of Thom complexes. It enables us to generalise the formula to other homology theories. The proof is based on Herbert's but uses the relationship between self-intersections and stable Hopf invariants and the fact that bordism of immersions gives a functor on the category of smooth manifolds and proper immersions.
- multiple points
- Herbert's formula