Chalk-steel Interface testing for marine energy foundations

Andreas Ziogos, Michael Brown, Ana Ivanovic, Neil Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

To aid deployment and recovery of tidal stream generators, gravity-based foundations rather than fixed-foundation alternatives are being considered in areas where the foundation may be placed directly onto an exposed rock seabed. Horizontal loading is usually critical in such applications, therefore specific knowledge of the interface friction between the foundation (made of steel or concrete) and seabed is important for design. This paper presents results of an interface testing programme of chalk–steel interfaces carried out utilising a computer-controlled interface shear tester under constant normal stress conditions against steel of different roughness. Results indicate that interface strength is significantly affected by the normal stress applied, as interface strength degrades for normal stress levels in excess of 30% of the chalk's tensile strength (∼300 kPa). Large-displacement tests revealed a tendency of the ultimate interface frictional resistance to drop to values very similar to that of the basic chalk–chalk interface at normal stresses up to 300 kPa, whereas substantial additional degradation was noticed for normal stresses above 700 kPa. At low normal stresses and displacements the behaviour of the chalk–steel interface was captured by an alpha type approach related to the rock unconfined compressive strength, which has been developed for other higher strength rock types.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1600112
Pages (from-to)285-298
Number of pages14
JournalPROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
Volume173
Issue number3
Early online date7 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

chalk
steel
Steel
Testing
Interfaces (computer)
energy
Rocks
rock
Compressive strength
Gravitation
Tensile strength
Surface roughness
Concretes
Friction
tensile strength
compressive strength
Recovery
Degradation
roughness
aid

Keywords

  • geotechnical engineering
  • renewable energy
  • shallow foundations

Cite this

Chalk-steel Interface testing for marine energy foundations. / Ziogos, Andreas ; Brown, Michael; Ivanovic, Ana; Morgan, Neil.

In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING, Vol. 173, No. 3, 1600112, 03.06.2017, p. 285-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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