With the aim of characterizing radioiodinated 4-amino-N-1[3-(4-fluorophenoxy)propyl]-4-methyl-4-piperidinyl]5-iodo-2- methoxybenzamide (I-123-R91150) as a SPECT ligand for subtype 2A of the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor (5-HT2A), tracer kinetic compartmental analyses were compared with the tissue ratio method (TR). The pseudoequilibrium interval after a single bolus injection was identified, and a reference database of specific uptake ratio (SUR) values was obtained. Within-scan and between-subject variability was also assessed. Methods: Nineteen healthy men (mean age SD, 24.4 +/- 3.3 y) were included and separated into 2 groups. Dynamic scans with venous blood sampling from 0 to 470 min after a single bolus injection of I-123-R91150 was completed for 7 of the 9 subjects included in group A, and in one of them compartmental modeling was performed with an arterial blood input function using 1-tissue-compartment (1TC) and 2-tissue-compartment (2TC) models. Binding potential (BP) using the simplified reference tissue model (SRTM) (BPSRTM) and SUR values using TR over time were also calculated. The 10 remaining subjects (group B) underwent a single scan at pseudoequilibrium with the aim of improving the precision of mean normal SUR estimates. Regions of interest in cortical regions and basal ganglia for specific uptake, and in cerebellum for nonspecific uptake, were manually drawn on each subject's MR images and translated to the corresponding SPECT slices after coregistration. Results: The 1TC model correlated well with the 2TC model (BP2TC = 1.04-BP1TC - 0.01, R-2 =0.98), and both methods correlated with BPSRTM and SUR with little bias (BP1TC = 1.10 BPSRTM + 0.03, R-2 = 0.98; BP2TC = 1.15 BPSRTM + 0.01 R-2 - 0.98; BPSRTM = 0.99 SURmean + 0.01, R-2 - 0.98). SUR values stabilized from 180 min after injection in most cortical regions, ranging from 0.51 +/- 0.10 in the orbitofrontal region to 0.27 +/- 0.09 in the parietal region. Within-scan and between-subject variability among regions ranged from 10% to 14.8%, and from 18.3% to 35.4%, respectively. Conclusion: I-123-R91150 distribution agrees with autoradiography results, showing highly specific binding in cortical regions. The correlations found among 1TC, 2TC, SRTM, and TR outcome measurements support the use of TR for quantification of 5-HT2A receptor binding with I-123-R91150 SPECT and a simple protocol avoiding arterial blood sampling and serial scanning over time.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Nuclear Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2006|
- molecular imaging
- binding index
- MDMA ecstasy