Chemical kinetics and CFD analysis of supercharged micro-pilot ignited dual-fuel engine combustion of syngas

Nearchos Stylianidis, Ulugbek Azimov*, Alireza Maheri, Eiji Tomita, Nobuyuki Kawahara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comprehensive chemical kinetics and computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) analysis were performed to evaluate the combustion of syngas derived from biomass and coke-oven solid feedstock in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine under lean conditions. The developed syngas chemical kinetics mechanism was validated by comparing ignition delay, in-cylinder pressure, temperature and laminar flame speed predictions against corresponding experimental and simulated data obtained by using the most commonly used chemical kinetics mechanisms developed by other authors. Sensitivity analysis showed that reactivity of syngas mixtures was found to be governed by H2 and CO chemistry for hydrogen concentrations lower than 50% and mostly by H2 chemistry for hydrogen concentrations higher than 50%. In the mechanism validation, particular emphasis is placed on predicting the combustion under high pressure conditions. For high hydrogen concentration in syngas under high pressure, the reactions HO2 + HO2 = H2O2 + O2 and H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 were found to play important role in in-cylinder combustion and heat production. The rate constants for H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 reaction showed strong sensitivity to high-pressure ignition times and has considerable uncertainty. Developed mechanism was used in CFD analysis to predict in-cylinder combustion of syngas and results were compared with experimental data. Crank angle-resolved spatial distribution of in-cylinder spray and combustion temperature was obtained. The constructed mechanism showed the closest prediction of combustion for both biomass and coke-oven syngas in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-606
Number of pages16
JournalFuel
Volume203
Early online date9 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Dual fuel engines
Reaction kinetics
Dynamic analysis
Computational fluid dynamics
Hydrogen
Coke ovens
Ignition
Biomass
Carbon Monoxide
Feedstocks
Spatial distribution
Sensitivity analysis
Rate constants
Temperature

Keywords

  • CFD simulation
  • Chemical kinetics
  • DARS
  • Dual-fuel engine
  • Syngas combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Chemical kinetics and CFD analysis of supercharged micro-pilot ignited dual-fuel engine combustion of syngas. / Stylianidis, Nearchos; Azimov, Ulugbek; Maheri, Alireza; Tomita, Eiji; Kawahara, Nobuyuki.

In: Fuel, Vol. 203, 30.09.2017, p. 591-606.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stylianidis, Nearchos ; Azimov, Ulugbek ; Maheri, Alireza ; Tomita, Eiji ; Kawahara, Nobuyuki. / Chemical kinetics and CFD analysis of supercharged micro-pilot ignited dual-fuel engine combustion of syngas. In: Fuel. 2017 ; Vol. 203. pp. 591-606.
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abstract = "A comprehensive chemical kinetics and computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) analysis were performed to evaluate the combustion of syngas derived from biomass and coke-oven solid feedstock in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine under lean conditions. The developed syngas chemical kinetics mechanism was validated by comparing ignition delay, in-cylinder pressure, temperature and laminar flame speed predictions against corresponding experimental and simulated data obtained by using the most commonly used chemical kinetics mechanisms developed by other authors. Sensitivity analysis showed that reactivity of syngas mixtures was found to be governed by H2 and CO chemistry for hydrogen concentrations lower than 50{\%} and mostly by H2 chemistry for hydrogen concentrations higher than 50{\%}. In the mechanism validation, particular emphasis is placed on predicting the combustion under high pressure conditions. For high hydrogen concentration in syngas under high pressure, the reactions HO2 + HO2 = H2O2 + O2 and H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 were found to play important role in in-cylinder combustion and heat production. The rate constants for H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 reaction showed strong sensitivity to high-pressure ignition times and has considerable uncertainty. Developed mechanism was used in CFD analysis to predict in-cylinder combustion of syngas and results were compared with experimental data. Crank angle-resolved spatial distribution of in-cylinder spray and combustion temperature was obtained. The constructed mechanism showed the closest prediction of combustion for both biomass and coke-oven syngas in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine.",
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AU - Stylianidis, Nearchos

AU - Azimov, Ulugbek

AU - Maheri, Alireza

AU - Tomita, Eiji

AU - Kawahara, Nobuyuki

N1 - The authors are grateful to the Faculty of Engineering and Environment of Northumbria University for providing funding for this work through RDF studentship. The English in this document has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.

PY - 2017/9/30

Y1 - 2017/9/30

N2 - A comprehensive chemical kinetics and computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) analysis were performed to evaluate the combustion of syngas derived from biomass and coke-oven solid feedstock in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine under lean conditions. The developed syngas chemical kinetics mechanism was validated by comparing ignition delay, in-cylinder pressure, temperature and laminar flame speed predictions against corresponding experimental and simulated data obtained by using the most commonly used chemical kinetics mechanisms developed by other authors. Sensitivity analysis showed that reactivity of syngas mixtures was found to be governed by H2 and CO chemistry for hydrogen concentrations lower than 50% and mostly by H2 chemistry for hydrogen concentrations higher than 50%. In the mechanism validation, particular emphasis is placed on predicting the combustion under high pressure conditions. For high hydrogen concentration in syngas under high pressure, the reactions HO2 + HO2 = H2O2 + O2 and H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 were found to play important role in in-cylinder combustion and heat production. The rate constants for H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 reaction showed strong sensitivity to high-pressure ignition times and has considerable uncertainty. Developed mechanism was used in CFD analysis to predict in-cylinder combustion of syngas and results were compared with experimental data. Crank angle-resolved spatial distribution of in-cylinder spray and combustion temperature was obtained. The constructed mechanism showed the closest prediction of combustion for both biomass and coke-oven syngas in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine.

AB - A comprehensive chemical kinetics and computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) analysis were performed to evaluate the combustion of syngas derived from biomass and coke-oven solid feedstock in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine under lean conditions. The developed syngas chemical kinetics mechanism was validated by comparing ignition delay, in-cylinder pressure, temperature and laminar flame speed predictions against corresponding experimental and simulated data obtained by using the most commonly used chemical kinetics mechanisms developed by other authors. Sensitivity analysis showed that reactivity of syngas mixtures was found to be governed by H2 and CO chemistry for hydrogen concentrations lower than 50% and mostly by H2 chemistry for hydrogen concentrations higher than 50%. In the mechanism validation, particular emphasis is placed on predicting the combustion under high pressure conditions. For high hydrogen concentration in syngas under high pressure, the reactions HO2 + HO2 = H2O2 + O2 and H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 were found to play important role in in-cylinder combustion and heat production. The rate constants for H2O2 + H = H2 + HO2 reaction showed strong sensitivity to high-pressure ignition times and has considerable uncertainty. Developed mechanism was used in CFD analysis to predict in-cylinder combustion of syngas and results were compared with experimental data. Crank angle-resolved spatial distribution of in-cylinder spray and combustion temperature was obtained. The constructed mechanism showed the closest prediction of combustion for both biomass and coke-oven syngas in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine.

KW - CFD simulation

KW - Chemical kinetics

KW - DARS

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