Chlorobenzenes in rivers draining industrial catchments

A A Meharg, J Wright, D Osborn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eleven chlorobenzenes (out of a total of 12 in the congener series) were monitored weekly on four industrialized rivers (Aire, Calder, Don and Trent) of the Southern Humber Catchment in whole water samples. 1,2- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene were present at relatively high levels on both the Are and Calder, having mean concentrations of similar to 30 ng/l. They were both at lower concentrations on the Don and Trent, although the 1,4-isomer dominated. All other chlorobenzenes monitored were routinely found on all the rivers, with the exception of hexachlorobenzene, which was only regularly detected on the Trent. Again, the rivers fell into two classes with respect to their total chlorobenzene concentrations, with the Are and Calder being more polluted. The higher levels of chlorobenzenes (excluding hexachlorobenzene which was used widely as a agricultural pesticide) on the Aire and Calder, and the dominance of the 1,4-dichlorobenzene congener (accounting for 60-70% of Sigma chlorobenzenes) on the Don and Trent, indicated that the Aire and Calder were predominately contaminated with chlorobenzenes through industrial sources, while the Don and Trent were mainly contaminated through domestic sources (1,4-dichlorobenzene is widely used as a toilet deodorant). 1,4-Dichlorobenzene dominated flux, with the Aire, Don and Trent exporting 52.5 kg/year into the Humber estuary, followed by the 1,2-dichlorobenzene at 38.8 kg/year. Sigma Chlorobenzenes exported to the Humber was 133 kg/year. This is the first study to calculate chlorobenzene fluxes to the North Sea from a UK catchment. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-253
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume251
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Aire
  • Calder
  • chlorobenzenes
  • Don
  • LOIS
  • Trent
  • SEWAGE SLUDGES
  • PERMETHRINS
  • SEDIMENTS
  • ESTUARY

Cite this

Meharg, A. A., Wright, J., & Osborn, D. (2000). Chlorobenzenes in rivers draining industrial catchments. Science of the Total Environment, 251, 243-253.

Chlorobenzenes in rivers draining industrial catchments. / Meharg, A A ; Wright, J ; Osborn, D .

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 251, 2000, p. 243-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Meharg, AA, Wright, J & Osborn, D 2000, 'Chlorobenzenes in rivers draining industrial catchments', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 251, pp. 243-253.
Meharg, A A ; Wright, J ; Osborn, D . / Chlorobenzenes in rivers draining industrial catchments. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2000 ; Vol. 251. pp. 243-253.
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N2 - Eleven chlorobenzenes (out of a total of 12 in the congener series) were monitored weekly on four industrialized rivers (Aire, Calder, Don and Trent) of the Southern Humber Catchment in whole water samples. 1,2- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene were present at relatively high levels on both the Are and Calder, having mean concentrations of similar to 30 ng/l. They were both at lower concentrations on the Don and Trent, although the 1,4-isomer dominated. All other chlorobenzenes monitored were routinely found on all the rivers, with the exception of hexachlorobenzene, which was only regularly detected on the Trent. Again, the rivers fell into two classes with respect to their total chlorobenzene concentrations, with the Are and Calder being more polluted. The higher levels of chlorobenzenes (excluding hexachlorobenzene which was used widely as a agricultural pesticide) on the Aire and Calder, and the dominance of the 1,4-dichlorobenzene congener (accounting for 60-70% of Sigma chlorobenzenes) on the Don and Trent, indicated that the Aire and Calder were predominately contaminated with chlorobenzenes through industrial sources, while the Don and Trent were mainly contaminated through domestic sources (1,4-dichlorobenzene is widely used as a toilet deodorant). 1,4-Dichlorobenzene dominated flux, with the Aire, Don and Trent exporting 52.5 kg/year into the Humber estuary, followed by the 1,2-dichlorobenzene at 38.8 kg/year. Sigma Chlorobenzenes exported to the Humber was 133 kg/year. This is the first study to calculate chlorobenzene fluxes to the North Sea from a UK catchment. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Eleven chlorobenzenes (out of a total of 12 in the congener series) were monitored weekly on four industrialized rivers (Aire, Calder, Don and Trent) of the Southern Humber Catchment in whole water samples. 1,2- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene were present at relatively high levels on both the Are and Calder, having mean concentrations of similar to 30 ng/l. They were both at lower concentrations on the Don and Trent, although the 1,4-isomer dominated. All other chlorobenzenes monitored were routinely found on all the rivers, with the exception of hexachlorobenzene, which was only regularly detected on the Trent. Again, the rivers fell into two classes with respect to their total chlorobenzene concentrations, with the Are and Calder being more polluted. The higher levels of chlorobenzenes (excluding hexachlorobenzene which was used widely as a agricultural pesticide) on the Aire and Calder, and the dominance of the 1,4-dichlorobenzene congener (accounting for 60-70% of Sigma chlorobenzenes) on the Don and Trent, indicated that the Aire and Calder were predominately contaminated with chlorobenzenes through industrial sources, while the Don and Trent were mainly contaminated through domestic sources (1,4-dichlorobenzene is widely used as a toilet deodorant). 1,4-Dichlorobenzene dominated flux, with the Aire, Don and Trent exporting 52.5 kg/year into the Humber estuary, followed by the 1,2-dichlorobenzene at 38.8 kg/year. Sigma Chlorobenzenes exported to the Humber was 133 kg/year. This is the first study to calculate chlorobenzene fluxes to the North Sea from a UK catchment. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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KW - Calder

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KW - Don

KW - LOIS

KW - Trent

KW - SEWAGE SLUDGES

KW - PERMETHRINS

KW - SEDIMENTS

KW - ESTUARY

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JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

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