Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss

Paul G Fernandes, Gina M Ralph, Ana Nieto, Mariana García Criado, Paraskevas Vasilakopoulos, Christos D. Maravelias, Robin M. Cook, Riley A. Pollom, Marcelo Kovačić, David Pollard, Edward D Farrell, Ann-Britt Florin, Beth A. Polidoro, Julia M Lawson, Pascal Lorance, Franz Uiblein, Matthew Craig, David J Allen, Sarah L Fowler, Rachel H L WallsMia T Comeros-Raynal, Michael S. Harvey, Manuel Dureuil, Manuel J Conceicao Biscoito, Caroline Pollock, Sophy R McCully Phillips, Jim R Ellis, Constantinos Papaconstantinou, Alen Soldo, Çetin Keskin, Steen Wilhelm Knudsen, Luís Gil de Sola, Fabrizio Serena, Bruce B Collette, Kjell Nedreaas, Emilie Stump, Barry C Russell, Silvia Garcia, Pedro Afonso, Armelle B J Jung, Helena Alvarez, Joao Manuel Mendes Henriques Delgado, Nicholas K Dulvy, Kent E Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Europe has a long tradition of exploiting marine fishes and is promoting marine economic activity through its Blue Growth strategy. This increase in anthropogenic pressure, along with climate change, threatens the biodiversity of fishes and food security. Here, we examine the conservation status of 1,020 species of European marine fishes and identify factors that contribute to their extinction risk. Large fish species (greater than 1.5 m total length) are most at risk; half of these are threatened with extinction, predominantly sharks, rays and sturgeons. This analysis was based on the latest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) European regional Red List of marine fishes, which was coherent with assessments of the status of fish stocks carried out independently by fisheries management agencies: no species classified by IUCN as threatened were considered sustainable by these agencies. A remarkable geographic divergence in stock status was also evident: in northern Europe, most stocks were not overfished, whereas in the Mediterranean Sea, almost all stocks were overfished. As Europe proceeds with its sustainable Blue Growth agenda, two main issues stand out as needing priority actions in relation to its marine fishes: the conservation of marine fish megafauna and the sustainability of Mediterranean fish stocks.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0170
JournalNature Ecology & Evolution
Volume1
Early online date26 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

marine fish
divergence
fish
natural resources conservation
extinction
sturgeon
Northern European region
sharks
fisheries management
food security
Mediterranean Sea
extinction risk
Red List
conservation status
shark
Europe
loss
climate change
fishery management
biodiversity

Keywords

  • conservation biology
  • marine biology

Cite this

Fernandes, P. G., Ralph, G. M., Nieto, A., Criado, M. G., Vasilakopoulos, P., Maravelias, C. D., ... Carpenter, K. E. (2017). Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1, [0170]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0170

Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss. / Fernandes, Paul G; Ralph, Gina M; Nieto, Ana ; Criado, Mariana García ; Vasilakopoulos, Paraskevas; Maravelias, Christos D. ; Cook, Robin M.; Pollom, Riley A. ; Kovačić, Marcelo ; Pollard, David ; Farrell, Edward D; Florin, Ann-Britt ; Polidoro, Beth A. ; Lawson, Julia M; Lorance, Pascal ; Uiblein, Franz; Craig, Matthew ; Allen, David J ; Fowler, Sarah L; Walls, Rachel H L; Comeros-Raynal, Mia T; Harvey, Michael S. ; Dureuil, Manuel ; Conceicao Biscoito, Manuel J; Pollock, Caroline ; McCully Phillips, Sophy R; Ellis, Jim R; Papaconstantinou, Constantinos ; Soldo, Alen ; Keskin, Çetin ; Knudsen, Steen Wilhelm ; Gil de Sola, Luís; Serena, Fabrizio ; Collette, Bruce B; Nedreaas, Kjell ; Stump, Emilie ; Russell, Barry C; Garcia, Silvia ; Afonso, Pedro ; Jung, Armelle B J ; Alvarez, Helena ; Delgado, Joao Manuel Mendes Henriques ; Dulvy, Nicholas K; Carpenter, Kent E.

In: Nature Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 1, 0170, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fernandes, PG, Ralph, GM, Nieto, A, Criado, MG, Vasilakopoulos, P, Maravelias, CD, Cook, RM, Pollom, RA, Kovačić, M, Pollard, D, Farrell, ED, Florin, A-B, Polidoro, BA, Lawson, JM, Lorance, P, Uiblein, F, Craig, M, Allen, DJ, Fowler, SL, Walls, RHL, Comeros-Raynal, MT, Harvey, MS, Dureuil, M, Conceicao Biscoito, MJ, Pollock, C, McCully Phillips, SR, Ellis, JR, Papaconstantinou, C, Soldo, A, Keskin, Ç, Knudsen, SW, Gil de Sola, L, Serena, F, Collette, BB, Nedreaas, K, Stump, E, Russell, BC, Garcia, S, Afonso, P, Jung, ABJ, Alvarez, H, Delgado, JMMH, Dulvy, NK & Carpenter, KE 2017, 'Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss', Nature Ecology & Evolution, vol. 1, 0170. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0170
Fernandes, Paul G ; Ralph, Gina M ; Nieto, Ana ; Criado, Mariana García ; Vasilakopoulos, Paraskevas ; Maravelias, Christos D. ; Cook, Robin M. ; Pollom, Riley A. ; Kovačić, Marcelo ; Pollard, David ; Farrell, Edward D ; Florin, Ann-Britt ; Polidoro, Beth A. ; Lawson, Julia M ; Lorance, Pascal ; Uiblein, Franz ; Craig, Matthew ; Allen, David J ; Fowler, Sarah L ; Walls, Rachel H L ; Comeros-Raynal, Mia T ; Harvey, Michael S. ; Dureuil, Manuel ; Conceicao Biscoito, Manuel J ; Pollock, Caroline ; McCully Phillips, Sophy R ; Ellis, Jim R ; Papaconstantinou, Constantinos ; Soldo, Alen ; Keskin, Çetin ; Knudsen, Steen Wilhelm ; Gil de Sola, Luís ; Serena, Fabrizio ; Collette, Bruce B ; Nedreaas, Kjell ; Stump, Emilie ; Russell, Barry C ; Garcia, Silvia ; Afonso, Pedro ; Jung, Armelle B J ; Alvarez, Helena ; Delgado, Joao Manuel Mendes Henriques ; Dulvy, Nicholas K ; Carpenter, Kent E. / Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss. In: Nature Ecology & Evolution. 2017 ; Vol. 1.
@article{bd3394eae3ee482c8e91c9c5efe9b5c2,
title = "Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss",
abstract = "Europe has a long tradition of exploiting marine fishes and is promoting marine economic activity through its Blue Growth strategy. This increase in anthropogenic pressure, along with climate change, threatens the biodiversity of fishes and food security. Here, we examine the conservation status of 1,020 species of European marine fishes and identify factors that contribute to their extinction risk. Large fish species (greater than 1.5 m total length) are most at risk; half of these are threatened with extinction, predominantly sharks, rays and sturgeons. This analysis was based on the latest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) European regional Red List of marine fishes, which was coherent with assessments of the status of fish stocks carried out independently by fisheries management agencies: no species classified by IUCN as threatened were considered sustainable by these agencies. A remarkable geographic divergence in stock status was also evident: in northern Europe, most stocks were not overfished, whereas in the Mediterranean Sea, almost all stocks were overfished. As Europe proceeds with its sustainable Blue Growth agenda, two main issues stand out as needing priority actions in relation to its marine fishes: the conservation of marine fish megafauna and the sustainability of Mediterranean fish stocks.",
keywords = "conservation biology, marine biology",
author = "Fernandes, {Paul G} and Ralph, {Gina M} and Ana Nieto and Criado, {Mariana Garc{\'i}a} and Paraskevas Vasilakopoulos and Maravelias, {Christos D.} and Cook, {Robin M.} and Pollom, {Riley A.} and Marcelo Kovačić and David Pollard and Farrell, {Edward D} and Ann-Britt Florin and Polidoro, {Beth A.} and Lawson, {Julia M} and Pascal Lorance and Franz Uiblein and Matthew Craig and Allen, {David J} and Fowler, {Sarah L} and Walls, {Rachel H L} and Comeros-Raynal, {Mia T} and Harvey, {Michael S.} and Manuel Dureuil and {Conceicao Biscoito}, {Manuel J} and Caroline Pollock and {McCully Phillips}, {Sophy R} and Ellis, {Jim R} and Constantinos Papaconstantinou and Alen Soldo and {\cC}etin Keskin and Knudsen, {Steen Wilhelm} and {Gil de Sola}, Lu{\'i}s and Fabrizio Serena and Collette, {Bruce B} and Kjell Nedreaas and Emilie Stump and Russell, {Barry C} and Silvia Garcia and Pedro Afonso and Jung, {Armelle B J} and Helena Alvarez and Delgado, {Joao Manuel Mendes Henriques} and Dulvy, {Nicholas K} and Carpenter, {Kent E}",
note = "P.G.F. and R.C. received funding from the Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland (MASTS) pooling initiative, funded by the Scottish Funding Council (grant reference HR09011) and contributing institutions. The European Red List of marine fishes was a project funded by the European Commission (Directorate General for the Environment under service contract number 070307/2011/607526/SER/B.3).",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1038/s41559-017-0170",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
journal = "Nature Ecology & Evolution",
issn = "2397-334X",
publisher = "Springer Nature",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss

AU - Fernandes, Paul G

AU - Ralph, Gina M

AU - Nieto, Ana

AU - Criado, Mariana García

AU - Vasilakopoulos, Paraskevas

AU - Maravelias, Christos D.

AU - Cook, Robin M.

AU - Pollom, Riley A.

AU - Kovačić, Marcelo

AU - Pollard, David

AU - Farrell, Edward D

AU - Florin, Ann-Britt

AU - Polidoro, Beth A.

AU - Lawson, Julia M

AU - Lorance, Pascal

AU - Uiblein, Franz

AU - Craig, Matthew

AU - Allen, David J

AU - Fowler, Sarah L

AU - Walls, Rachel H L

AU - Comeros-Raynal, Mia T

AU - Harvey, Michael S.

AU - Dureuil, Manuel

AU - Conceicao Biscoito, Manuel J

AU - Pollock, Caroline

AU - McCully Phillips, Sophy R

AU - Ellis, Jim R

AU - Papaconstantinou, Constantinos

AU - Soldo, Alen

AU - Keskin, Çetin

AU - Knudsen, Steen Wilhelm

AU - Gil de Sola, Luís

AU - Serena, Fabrizio

AU - Collette, Bruce B

AU - Nedreaas, Kjell

AU - Stump, Emilie

AU - Russell, Barry C

AU - Garcia, Silvia

AU - Afonso, Pedro

AU - Jung, Armelle B J

AU - Alvarez, Helena

AU - Delgado, Joao Manuel Mendes Henriques

AU - Dulvy, Nicholas K

AU - Carpenter, Kent E

N1 - P.G.F. and R.C. received funding from the Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland (MASTS) pooling initiative, funded by the Scottish Funding Council (grant reference HR09011) and contributing institutions. The European Red List of marine fishes was a project funded by the European Commission (Directorate General for the Environment under service contract number 070307/2011/607526/SER/B.3).

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Europe has a long tradition of exploiting marine fishes and is promoting marine economic activity through its Blue Growth strategy. This increase in anthropogenic pressure, along with climate change, threatens the biodiversity of fishes and food security. Here, we examine the conservation status of 1,020 species of European marine fishes and identify factors that contribute to their extinction risk. Large fish species (greater than 1.5 m total length) are most at risk; half of these are threatened with extinction, predominantly sharks, rays and sturgeons. This analysis was based on the latest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) European regional Red List of marine fishes, which was coherent with assessments of the status of fish stocks carried out independently by fisheries management agencies: no species classified by IUCN as threatened were considered sustainable by these agencies. A remarkable geographic divergence in stock status was also evident: in northern Europe, most stocks were not overfished, whereas in the Mediterranean Sea, almost all stocks were overfished. As Europe proceeds with its sustainable Blue Growth agenda, two main issues stand out as needing priority actions in relation to its marine fishes: the conservation of marine fish megafauna and the sustainability of Mediterranean fish stocks.

AB - Europe has a long tradition of exploiting marine fishes and is promoting marine economic activity through its Blue Growth strategy. This increase in anthropogenic pressure, along with climate change, threatens the biodiversity of fishes and food security. Here, we examine the conservation status of 1,020 species of European marine fishes and identify factors that contribute to their extinction risk. Large fish species (greater than 1.5 m total length) are most at risk; half of these are threatened with extinction, predominantly sharks, rays and sturgeons. This analysis was based on the latest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) European regional Red List of marine fishes, which was coherent with assessments of the status of fish stocks carried out independently by fisheries management agencies: no species classified by IUCN as threatened were considered sustainable by these agencies. A remarkable geographic divergence in stock status was also evident: in northern Europe, most stocks were not overfished, whereas in the Mediterranean Sea, almost all stocks were overfished. As Europe proceeds with its sustainable Blue Growth agenda, two main issues stand out as needing priority actions in relation to its marine fishes: the conservation of marine fish megafauna and the sustainability of Mediterranean fish stocks.

KW - conservation biology

KW - marine biology

U2 - 10.1038/s41559-017-0170

DO - 10.1038/s41559-017-0170

M3 - Article

VL - 1

JO - Nature Ecology & Evolution

JF - Nature Ecology & Evolution

SN - 2397-334X

M1 - 0170

ER -