Concomitant polymorphism and a temperature-dependent phase change in (E)-[1-( 4-methoxy-phenyl)3-phenyl-2-propenylideneamino] oxyacetic acid

J M S Skakle, J N Low, J L Wardell, C Glidewell

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The title compound, C18H17NO4, crystallizes from ethanol at ambient temperature as two concomitant polymorphs (I) and (II), both monoclinic P2(1)/c with Z' = 1. The less abundant form (I) undergoes a reversible phase-transition at ca 173 K to a third monoclinic polymorph (III), P2(1)/n, with Z' = 2, while the more abundant polymorph (II) is unchanged down to 120 K. In each polymorph of (I)-(III) the molecules are linked by pairs of O-H••• O hydrogen bonds into cyclic dimers which are crystallographically centrosymmetric in (I) and (II), and approximately, but not crystallographically, centrosymmetric in (III). There are no direction-specific interactions between the hydrogen-bonded dimers in polymorph (I); in polymorph (II) the dimers are linked into sheets by C-H••• N and C-H•••π(arene) hydrogen bonds; in polymorph (III) the dimers are linked into chains by a C-H•••π(arene) hydrogen bond. The interconversion of polymorphs (I) and (III) is a simple displacive phase transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-328
Number of pages8
JournalActa Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science
Publication statusPublished - 2005



  • Pi-stacking interactions
  • Bonded r-2(2)(8) dimers
  • Hydrogen-bonds
  • X-ray
  • Diffraction
  • Benzanilide
  • Interplay
  • Crystals

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