Conjugation reactions in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

M H Grant, S J Duthie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The activities of three drug conjugation reactions, glutathione, glucuronic acid and sulphate conjugation and the synthesis of glutathione, have been measured in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-induced male diabetic rats. The intracellular content of reduced glutathione (GSH) was decreased in diabetic rat hepatocytes compared with controls. Following depletion of the intracellular GSH stores with diethylmaleate, the resynthesis of GSH in the presence of 0.5 mM L-methionine, occurred faster in diabetic rat hepatocytes than in those from control rats indicating that the cystathione pathway may be more efficient in the diabetic animals. In contrast, there was no significant difference in the resynthesis of GSH between control and diabetic rat hepatocytes in the presence of L-cysteine. The GSH conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and 3,4-dichloronitrobenzene (DCNB) was deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes, although only the effect on the former reaction was statistically significant (P less than 0.05). The Vmax for CDNB conjugation was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) in cytosolic fractions prepared from diabetic rat liver than in control rat liver fractions. This was accompanied by an increase in the affinity of the enzyme for CDNB. In contrast, the Vmax and Km for the conjugation of DCNB in cytosolic fractions were unaffected by the induced-diabetes. Glucuronic acid conjugation of both 1-naphthol and phenolphthalein was markedly deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes. The intracellular concentrations of the cofactor for glucuronidation, UDP-glucuronic acid, were decreased in diabetic rat liver and this was thought to contribute to the defect in glucuronidation. The sulphation of 1-naphthol was not significantly altered by the induced diabetes. Deficiencies in glutathione and glucuronic acid conjugation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats may result in an increased susceptibility to xenobiotic induced cytotoxicity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3647-55
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
    Volume36
    Issue number21
    Publication statusPublished - 1987

    Fingerprint

    Streptozocin
    Rats
    Hepatocytes
    Dinitrochlorobenzene
    Glucuronic Acid
    Glutathione
    Rat control
    Liver
    diethyl maleate
    Medical problems
    Phenolphthalein
    Uridine Diphosphate Glucuronic Acid
    Xenobiotics
    Cytotoxicity
    Methionine
    Sulfates
    Cysteine
    Animals
    Defects
    Enzymes

    Keywords

    • Animals
    • Cystathionine
    • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
    • Glucuronates
    • Glutathione
    • Kinetics
    • Liver
    • Male
    • Nitrobenzenes
    • Rats
    • Rats, Inbred Strains
    • Sulfates
    • Uridine Diphosphate Glucuronic Acid

    Cite this

    Conjugation reactions in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. / Grant, M H; Duthie, S J.

    In: Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 36, No. 21, 1987, p. 3647-55.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "The activities of three drug conjugation reactions, glutathione, glucuronic acid and sulphate conjugation and the synthesis of glutathione, have been measured in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-induced male diabetic rats. The intracellular content of reduced glutathione (GSH) was decreased in diabetic rat hepatocytes compared with controls. Following depletion of the intracellular GSH stores with diethylmaleate, the resynthesis of GSH in the presence of 0.5 mM L-methionine, occurred faster in diabetic rat hepatocytes than in those from control rats indicating that the cystathione pathway may be more efficient in the diabetic animals. In contrast, there was no significant difference in the resynthesis of GSH between control and diabetic rat hepatocytes in the presence of L-cysteine. The GSH conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and 3,4-dichloronitrobenzene (DCNB) was deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes, although only the effect on the former reaction was statistically significant (P less than 0.05). The Vmax for CDNB conjugation was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) in cytosolic fractions prepared from diabetic rat liver than in control rat liver fractions. This was accompanied by an increase in the affinity of the enzyme for CDNB. In contrast, the Vmax and Km for the conjugation of DCNB in cytosolic fractions were unaffected by the induced-diabetes. Glucuronic acid conjugation of both 1-naphthol and phenolphthalein was markedly deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes. The intracellular concentrations of the cofactor for glucuronidation, UDP-glucuronic acid, were decreased in diabetic rat liver and this was thought to contribute to the defect in glucuronidation. The sulphation of 1-naphthol was not significantly altered by the induced diabetes. Deficiencies in glutathione and glucuronic acid conjugation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats may result in an increased susceptibility to xenobiotic induced cytotoxicity.",
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    T1 - Conjugation reactions in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

    AU - Grant, M H

    AU - Duthie, S J

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    N2 - The activities of three drug conjugation reactions, glutathione, glucuronic acid and sulphate conjugation and the synthesis of glutathione, have been measured in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-induced male diabetic rats. The intracellular content of reduced glutathione (GSH) was decreased in diabetic rat hepatocytes compared with controls. Following depletion of the intracellular GSH stores with diethylmaleate, the resynthesis of GSH in the presence of 0.5 mM L-methionine, occurred faster in diabetic rat hepatocytes than in those from control rats indicating that the cystathione pathway may be more efficient in the diabetic animals. In contrast, there was no significant difference in the resynthesis of GSH between control and diabetic rat hepatocytes in the presence of L-cysteine. The GSH conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and 3,4-dichloronitrobenzene (DCNB) was deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes, although only the effect on the former reaction was statistically significant (P less than 0.05). The Vmax for CDNB conjugation was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) in cytosolic fractions prepared from diabetic rat liver than in control rat liver fractions. This was accompanied by an increase in the affinity of the enzyme for CDNB. In contrast, the Vmax and Km for the conjugation of DCNB in cytosolic fractions were unaffected by the induced-diabetes. Glucuronic acid conjugation of both 1-naphthol and phenolphthalein was markedly deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes. The intracellular concentrations of the cofactor for glucuronidation, UDP-glucuronic acid, were decreased in diabetic rat liver and this was thought to contribute to the defect in glucuronidation. The sulphation of 1-naphthol was not significantly altered by the induced diabetes. Deficiencies in glutathione and glucuronic acid conjugation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats may result in an increased susceptibility to xenobiotic induced cytotoxicity.

    AB - The activities of three drug conjugation reactions, glutathione, glucuronic acid and sulphate conjugation and the synthesis of glutathione, have been measured in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-induced male diabetic rats. The intracellular content of reduced glutathione (GSH) was decreased in diabetic rat hepatocytes compared with controls. Following depletion of the intracellular GSH stores with diethylmaleate, the resynthesis of GSH in the presence of 0.5 mM L-methionine, occurred faster in diabetic rat hepatocytes than in those from control rats indicating that the cystathione pathway may be more efficient in the diabetic animals. In contrast, there was no significant difference in the resynthesis of GSH between control and diabetic rat hepatocytes in the presence of L-cysteine. The GSH conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and 3,4-dichloronitrobenzene (DCNB) was deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes, although only the effect on the former reaction was statistically significant (P less than 0.05). The Vmax for CDNB conjugation was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) in cytosolic fractions prepared from diabetic rat liver than in control rat liver fractions. This was accompanied by an increase in the affinity of the enzyme for CDNB. In contrast, the Vmax and Km for the conjugation of DCNB in cytosolic fractions were unaffected by the induced-diabetes. Glucuronic acid conjugation of both 1-naphthol and phenolphthalein was markedly deficient in diabetic rat hepatocytes. The intracellular concentrations of the cofactor for glucuronidation, UDP-glucuronic acid, were decreased in diabetic rat liver and this was thought to contribute to the defect in glucuronidation. The sulphation of 1-naphthol was not significantly altered by the induced diabetes. Deficiencies in glutathione and glucuronic acid conjugation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats may result in an increased susceptibility to xenobiotic induced cytotoxicity.

    KW - Animals

    KW - Cystathionine

    KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental

    KW - Glucuronates

    KW - Glutathione

    KW - Kinetics

    KW - Liver

    KW - Male

    KW - Nitrobenzenes

    KW - Rats

    KW - Rats, Inbred Strains

    KW - Sulfates

    KW - Uridine Diphosphate Glucuronic Acid

    M3 - Article

    VL - 36

    SP - 3647

    EP - 3655

    JO - Biochemical Pharmacology

    JF - Biochemical Pharmacology

    SN - 0006-2952

    IS - 21

    ER -