Consumer testing of the preliminary paediatric food-based dietary guidelines for healthy children aged 1-7 years, among English- and Afrikaans-speaking mothers in the city of Cape Town, South Africa

Lesley Dalene Scott, Debbi Marais, Lesley Bourne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to test the comprehensibility of the preliminary food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) for healthy South African children aged 1-7 years. Objectives included assessing exposure to FBDG, comprehension of the proposed paediatric FBDG (PFBDG) and whether the guidelines can be used in meal planning. DESIGN: Focus group discussions were used to collect data. Discussions were facilitated by the investigator in either English or Afrikaans, according to a predetermined discussion schedule. Focus groups were formed on the basis of language and socio-economic status (SES). SETTING: Areas within the City of Cape Town representing lower, middle and upper SES groups. SUBJECTS: A total of seventy-six English- and Afrikaans-speaking mothers were contacted via randomly selected consenting preschool groups to participate voluntarily. RESULTS: Most mothers reported that they do not use guidelines. They had a good grasp of the concepts of and need for PFBDG. They suggested slight alterations to wording/phrasing of the guidelines. The most problematic guidelines were those regarding starch, milk and sweet treats/drinks. No substantial differences were found between English and Afrikaans data. Differences were found between SES groups, with the upper SES groups comprehending the guidelines better. CONCLUSION: The proposed PFBDG were well received. The target population that would benefit the most from these guidelines would be the less educated, lower SES groups. The present study shows that once the guidelines have been modified, they may be used as a comprehensive guide for nutritional education.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-985
Number of pages7
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number7
Early online date2 Sep 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Fingerprint

Nutrition Policy
South Africa
Mothers
Guidelines
Pediatrics
Food
Economics
Focus Groups
Health Services Needs and Demand
Hand Strength
Starch
Meals
Appointments and Schedules
Milk
Language
Research Personnel
Education

Keywords

  • adult
  • child
  • child nutrition sciences
  • child nutritional physiological phenomena
  • child, preschool
  • female
  • focus groups
  • health knowledge, attitudes, practice
  • humans
  • infant
  • male
  • mothers
  • nutrition policy
  • social class
  • socioeconomic factors
  • South Africa
  • weaning
  • food-based dietary guidelines
  • Cape Town
  • vaccine risk/benefit communication
  • vegetable intake
  • obesity
  • fruit

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Consumer testing of the preliminary paediatric food-based dietary guidelines for healthy children aged 1-7 years, among English- and Afrikaans-speaking mothers in the city of Cape Town, South Africa. / Scott, Lesley Dalene; Marais, Debbi; Bourne, Lesley.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 7, 07.2009, p. 979-985.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to test the comprehensibility of the preliminary food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) for healthy South African children aged 1-7 years. Objectives included assessing exposure to FBDG, comprehension of the proposed paediatric FBDG (PFBDG) and whether the guidelines can be used in meal planning. DESIGN: Focus group discussions were used to collect data. Discussions were facilitated by the investigator in either English or Afrikaans, according to a predetermined discussion schedule. Focus groups were formed on the basis of language and socio-economic status (SES). SETTING: Areas within the City of Cape Town representing lower, middle and upper SES groups. SUBJECTS: A total of seventy-six English- and Afrikaans-speaking mothers were contacted via randomly selected consenting preschool groups to participate voluntarily. RESULTS: Most mothers reported that they do not use guidelines. They had a good grasp of the concepts of and need for PFBDG. They suggested slight alterations to wording/phrasing of the guidelines. The most problematic guidelines were those regarding starch, milk and sweet treats/drinks. No substantial differences were found between English and Afrikaans data. Differences were found between SES groups, with the upper SES groups comprehending the guidelines better. CONCLUSION: The proposed PFBDG were well received. The target population that would benefit the most from these guidelines would be the less educated, lower SES groups. The present study shows that once the guidelines have been modified, they may be used as a comprehensive guide for nutritional education.",
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