Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories

C. N. MacRae, G. V. Bodenhausen, Alan Berkeley Milne, A. M. Schloerscheidt

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    29 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The present research investigated the generation of memory illusions. In particular, it attempted to delineate the conditions under which category-based thinking prompts the elicitation of false memories. Noting fundamental differences in the manner in which expected and unexpected person-related information is processed and represented in the mind, it was anticipated that, via gist-based recognition, participants would display a pronounced propensity to generate expectancy-consistent false memories. The results of three experiments supported this prediction. In addition, the research revealed that participants' false memories were accompanied by the subjective experience of knowing (Expt. 2) and that false recognition was exacerbated under conditions of executive dysfunction (Expt. 3). We consider the theoretical implications of these findings for recent treatments of memory illusions and social cognition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)63-80
    Number of pages17
    JournalMemory
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Keywords

    • FUZZY-TRACE THEORY
    • FRONTAL-LOBE
    • COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
    • RECOGNITION MEMORY
    • REMEMBERING WORDS
    • OLDER ADULTS
    • RECALL
    • STEREOTYPES
    • GIST
    • INFORMATION

    Cite this

    MacRae, C. N., Bodenhausen, G. V., Milne, A. B., & Schloerscheidt, A. M. (2002). Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories. Memory , 10(1), 63-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210143000254