Cytokine gene polymorphisms, cytokine levels and the risk of colorectal neoplasia in a screened population of Northeast Scotland

Umesh Basavaraju, Fatma M Shebl, Andrew J Palmer, Susan Berry, Georgina L Hold, Emad M El-Omar, Charles S Rabkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytokine gene polymorphisms modify expression and their circulating protein levels reflect inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of colorectal neoplasia (CRN) associated with inflammatory bowel disease, but it is not clear whether inflammation is a cause or an effect of tumours in sporadic CRN. We therefore investigated the association of cytokine gene polymorphisms and circulating cytokine levels on the risk of CRN in Northeast Scotland, which has a high incidence of CRN. We recruited two groups of patients from a screening colonoscopy cohort, either preprocedure or 3-24 months postprocedure. Participants with CRN were compared with participants with no evidence of CRN (controls). Blood-derived DNA was used to genotype polymorphisms in IL1B, IL1-RN, IL6, IL8, IL10, PTGS2 and TNFA genes. Circulating levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and six cytokines [interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] were measured. To examine the effect of CRN resection on marker levels, we used propensity score matching. A total of 884 patients were eligible for analysis, including 388 CRN cases and 496 controls. Cases were older (mean age 64 vs. 62 years, P<0.01) and more likely to be men (67 vs. 55%, P<0.001). Controls were more likely to be regular users of NSAID (P<0.0001). Compared with homozygous carriage of respective common alleles, proinflammatory CC genotypes of IL1B-31C>T [odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.68 (1.03-2.73)] and PTGS2-765 C>G [OR (95% CI) 2.97 (1.05-8.46)] were each associated with an increased risk of CRN. Conversely, carriage of the A allele of IL8-251A>T was associated with a lower risk of CRN compared with the TT genotype [ORs (95% CI) 0.60 (0.41-0.86) for heterozygous, 0.88 (0.57-1.37) for homozygous, and 0.68 (0.48-0.95) for heterozygous and homozygous combined]. Compared with postprocedure cases, IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in preprocedure cases, but IL4 and IL10 protein levels were significantly lower. Proinflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms in IL1B-31 and PTGS2-765 increase the risk of developing CRN. Levels of proinflammatory IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein markers are significantly higher while CRN is in situ. Along with the NSAID findings, these data point to inflammation as an underlying pathogenetic mechanism in CRN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-304
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume24
Issue number4
Early online date27 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

Fingerprint

Scotland
Cytokines
Population
Genes
Neoplasms
Interleukin-8
Cyclooxygenase 2
Lymphotoxin-beta
Interleukin-10
C-Reactive Protein
Confidence Intervals
Inflammation
Interleukin-4
Interleukin-6
Odds Ratio
Genotype
Propensity Score
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Colonoscopy
Interleukin-1

Keywords

  • colorectal neoplasia
  • cytokine
  • polymorphisms
  • screening

Cite this

Cytokine gene polymorphisms, cytokine levels and the risk of colorectal neoplasia in a screened population of Northeast Scotland. / Basavaraju, Umesh; Shebl, Fatma M; Palmer, Andrew J; Berry, Susan; Hold, Georgina L; El-Omar, Emad M; Rabkin, Charles S.

In: European Journal of Cancer Prevention, Vol. 24, No. 4, 07.2015, p. 296-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Basavaraju, Umesh ; Shebl, Fatma M ; Palmer, Andrew J ; Berry, Susan ; Hold, Georgina L ; El-Omar, Emad M ; Rabkin, Charles S. / Cytokine gene polymorphisms, cytokine levels and the risk of colorectal neoplasia in a screened population of Northeast Scotland. In: European Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 296-304.
@article{4fecca5e4a5844f5b4ac42f01b071f6c,
title = "Cytokine gene polymorphisms, cytokine levels and the risk of colorectal neoplasia in a screened population of Northeast Scotland",
abstract = "Cytokine gene polymorphisms modify expression and their circulating protein levels reflect inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of colorectal neoplasia (CRN) associated with inflammatory bowel disease, but it is not clear whether inflammation is a cause or an effect of tumours in sporadic CRN. We therefore investigated the association of cytokine gene polymorphisms and circulating cytokine levels on the risk of CRN in Northeast Scotland, which has a high incidence of CRN. We recruited two groups of patients from a screening colonoscopy cohort, either preprocedure or 3-24 months postprocedure. Participants with CRN were compared with participants with no evidence of CRN (controls). Blood-derived DNA was used to genotype polymorphisms in IL1B, IL1-RN, IL6, IL8, IL10, PTGS2 and TNFA genes. Circulating levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and six cytokines [interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] were measured. To examine the effect of CRN resection on marker levels, we used propensity score matching. A total of 884 patients were eligible for analysis, including 388 CRN cases and 496 controls. Cases were older (mean age 64 vs. 62 years, P<0.01) and more likely to be men (67 vs. 55{\%}, P<0.001). Controls were more likely to be regular users of NSAID (P<0.0001). Compared with homozygous carriage of respective common alleles, proinflammatory CC genotypes of IL1B-31C>T [odds ratio (OR) (95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 1.68 (1.03-2.73)] and PTGS2-765 C>G [OR (95{\%} CI) 2.97 (1.05-8.46)] were each associated with an increased risk of CRN. Conversely, carriage of the A allele of IL8-251A>T was associated with a lower risk of CRN compared with the TT genotype [ORs (95{\%} CI) 0.60 (0.41-0.86) for heterozygous, 0.88 (0.57-1.37) for homozygous, and 0.68 (0.48-0.95) for heterozygous and homozygous combined]. Compared with postprocedure cases, IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in preprocedure cases, but IL4 and IL10 protein levels were significantly lower. Proinflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms in IL1B-31 and PTGS2-765 increase the risk of developing CRN. Levels of proinflammatory IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein markers are significantly higher while CRN is in situ. Along with the NSAID findings, these data point to inflammation as an underlying pathogenetic mechanism in CRN.",
keywords = "colorectal neoplasia , cytokine , polymorphisms , screening",
author = "Umesh Basavaraju and Shebl, {Fatma M} and Palmer, {Andrew J} and Susan Berry and Hold, {Georgina L} and El-Omar, {Emad M} and Rabkin, {Charles S}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000087",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "296--304",
journal = "European Journal of Cancer Prevention",
issn = "0959-8278",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cytokine gene polymorphisms, cytokine levels and the risk of colorectal neoplasia in a screened population of Northeast Scotland

AU - Basavaraju, Umesh

AU - Shebl, Fatma M

AU - Palmer, Andrew J

AU - Berry, Susan

AU - Hold, Georgina L

AU - El-Omar, Emad M

AU - Rabkin, Charles S

PY - 2015/7

Y1 - 2015/7

N2 - Cytokine gene polymorphisms modify expression and their circulating protein levels reflect inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of colorectal neoplasia (CRN) associated with inflammatory bowel disease, but it is not clear whether inflammation is a cause or an effect of tumours in sporadic CRN. We therefore investigated the association of cytokine gene polymorphisms and circulating cytokine levels on the risk of CRN in Northeast Scotland, which has a high incidence of CRN. We recruited two groups of patients from a screening colonoscopy cohort, either preprocedure or 3-24 months postprocedure. Participants with CRN were compared with participants with no evidence of CRN (controls). Blood-derived DNA was used to genotype polymorphisms in IL1B, IL1-RN, IL6, IL8, IL10, PTGS2 and TNFA genes. Circulating levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and six cytokines [interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] were measured. To examine the effect of CRN resection on marker levels, we used propensity score matching. A total of 884 patients were eligible for analysis, including 388 CRN cases and 496 controls. Cases were older (mean age 64 vs. 62 years, P<0.01) and more likely to be men (67 vs. 55%, P<0.001). Controls were more likely to be regular users of NSAID (P<0.0001). Compared with homozygous carriage of respective common alleles, proinflammatory CC genotypes of IL1B-31C>T [odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.68 (1.03-2.73)] and PTGS2-765 C>G [OR (95% CI) 2.97 (1.05-8.46)] were each associated with an increased risk of CRN. Conversely, carriage of the A allele of IL8-251A>T was associated with a lower risk of CRN compared with the TT genotype [ORs (95% CI) 0.60 (0.41-0.86) for heterozygous, 0.88 (0.57-1.37) for homozygous, and 0.68 (0.48-0.95) for heterozygous and homozygous combined]. Compared with postprocedure cases, IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in preprocedure cases, but IL4 and IL10 protein levels were significantly lower. Proinflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms in IL1B-31 and PTGS2-765 increase the risk of developing CRN. Levels of proinflammatory IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein markers are significantly higher while CRN is in situ. Along with the NSAID findings, these data point to inflammation as an underlying pathogenetic mechanism in CRN.

AB - Cytokine gene polymorphisms modify expression and their circulating protein levels reflect inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of colorectal neoplasia (CRN) associated with inflammatory bowel disease, but it is not clear whether inflammation is a cause or an effect of tumours in sporadic CRN. We therefore investigated the association of cytokine gene polymorphisms and circulating cytokine levels on the risk of CRN in Northeast Scotland, which has a high incidence of CRN. We recruited two groups of patients from a screening colonoscopy cohort, either preprocedure or 3-24 months postprocedure. Participants with CRN were compared with participants with no evidence of CRN (controls). Blood-derived DNA was used to genotype polymorphisms in IL1B, IL1-RN, IL6, IL8, IL10, PTGS2 and TNFA genes. Circulating levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and six cytokines [interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] were measured. To examine the effect of CRN resection on marker levels, we used propensity score matching. A total of 884 patients were eligible for analysis, including 388 CRN cases and 496 controls. Cases were older (mean age 64 vs. 62 years, P<0.01) and more likely to be men (67 vs. 55%, P<0.001). Controls were more likely to be regular users of NSAID (P<0.0001). Compared with homozygous carriage of respective common alleles, proinflammatory CC genotypes of IL1B-31C>T [odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.68 (1.03-2.73)] and PTGS2-765 C>G [OR (95% CI) 2.97 (1.05-8.46)] were each associated with an increased risk of CRN. Conversely, carriage of the A allele of IL8-251A>T was associated with a lower risk of CRN compared with the TT genotype [ORs (95% CI) 0.60 (0.41-0.86) for heterozygous, 0.88 (0.57-1.37) for homozygous, and 0.68 (0.48-0.95) for heterozygous and homozygous combined]. Compared with postprocedure cases, IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in preprocedure cases, but IL4 and IL10 protein levels were significantly lower. Proinflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms in IL1B-31 and PTGS2-765 increase the risk of developing CRN. Levels of proinflammatory IL8, TNF-α and C-reactive protein markers are significantly higher while CRN is in situ. Along with the NSAID findings, these data point to inflammation as an underlying pathogenetic mechanism in CRN.

KW - colorectal neoplasia

KW - cytokine

KW - polymorphisms

KW - screening

U2 - 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000087

DO - 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000087

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 296

EP - 304

JO - European Journal of Cancer Prevention

JF - European Journal of Cancer Prevention

SN - 0959-8278

IS - 4

ER -