Defining a patient-reported outcome measure for urethral stricture surgery

M J Jackson, J Sciberras, A Mangera, A Brett, N Watkin, J N'Dow, C Chapple, D E Andrich, R Pickard, A R Mundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background
A systematic literature review did not identify a formally validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for urethral stricture surgery.

Objective
Devise a PROM for urethral stricture surgery and evaluate its psychometric properties in a pilot study to determine suitability for wider implementation.

Design, setting, and participants
Constructs were identified from existing condition-specific and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments. Men scheduled for urethroplasty were prospectively enrolled at five centres.

Intervention
Participants self-completed the draft PROM before and 6 mo after surgery.

Measurements
Question sets underwent psychometric assessment targeting criterion and content validity, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, acceptability, and responsiveness.

Results and limitations
A total of 85 men completed the preoperative PROM, with 49 also completing the postoperative PROM at a median of 146 d; and 31 the preoperative PROM twice at a median interval of 22 d for test-retest analysis. Expert opinion and patient feedback supported content validity. Excellent correlation between voiding symptom scores and maximum flow rate (r = -0.75), supported by parallel improvements in EQ-5D visual analogue and time trade-off scores, established criterion validity. Test-retest intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.83 to 0.91 for the total voiding score and 0.93 for the construct overall; Cronbach's a was 0.80, ranging from 0.76 to 0.80 with any one item deleted. Item-total correlations ranged from 0.44 to 0.63. These values surpassed our predefined thresholds for item inclusion. Significant improvements in condition-specific and HRQoL components following urethroplasty demonstrated responsiveness to change (p < 0.0001). Wider implementation and review of the PROM will be required to establish generalisability across different disease states and for more complex interventions.

Conclusions
This pilot study has defined a succinct, practical, and psychometrically robust PROM designed specifically to quantify changes in voiding symptoms and HRQoL following urethral stricture surgery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-68
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Urology
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

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Urethral Stricture
Quality of Life
Psychometrics
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Expert Testimony
Reproducibility of Results

Cite this

Jackson, M. J., Sciberras, J., Mangera, A., Brett, A., Watkin, N., N'Dow, J., ... Mundy, A. R. (2011). Defining a patient-reported outcome measure for urethral stricture surgery. European Urology, 60(1), 60-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2011.03.003

Defining a patient-reported outcome measure for urethral stricture surgery. / Jackson, M J; Sciberras, J; Mangera, A; Brett, A; Watkin, N; N'Dow, J; Chapple, C; Andrich, D E; Pickard, R; Mundy, A R.

In: European Urology, Vol. 60, No. 1, 07.2011, p. 60-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jackson, MJ, Sciberras, J, Mangera, A, Brett, A, Watkin, N, N'Dow, J, Chapple, C, Andrich, DE, Pickard, R & Mundy, AR 2011, 'Defining a patient-reported outcome measure for urethral stricture surgery', European Urology, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 60-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2011.03.003
Jackson, M J ; Sciberras, J ; Mangera, A ; Brett, A ; Watkin, N ; N'Dow, J ; Chapple, C ; Andrich, D E ; Pickard, R ; Mundy, A R. / Defining a patient-reported outcome measure for urethral stricture surgery. In: European Urology. 2011 ; Vol. 60, No. 1. pp. 60-68.
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abstract = "BackgroundA systematic literature review did not identify a formally validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for urethral stricture surgery.ObjectiveDevise a PROM for urethral stricture surgery and evaluate its psychometric properties in a pilot study to determine suitability for wider implementation.Design, setting, and participantsConstructs were identified from existing condition-specific and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments. Men scheduled for urethroplasty were prospectively enrolled at five centres.InterventionParticipants self-completed the draft PROM before and 6 mo after surgery.MeasurementsQuestion sets underwent psychometric assessment targeting criterion and content validity, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, acceptability, and responsiveness.Results and limitationsA total of 85 men completed the preoperative PROM, with 49 also completing the postoperative PROM at a median of 146 d; and 31 the preoperative PROM twice at a median interval of 22 d for test-retest analysis. Expert opinion and patient feedback supported content validity. Excellent correlation between voiding symptom scores and maximum flow rate (r = -0.75), supported by parallel improvements in EQ-5D visual analogue and time trade-off scores, established criterion validity. Test-retest intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.83 to 0.91 for the total voiding score and 0.93 for the construct overall; Cronbach's a was 0.80, ranging from 0.76 to 0.80 with any one item deleted. Item-total correlations ranged from 0.44 to 0.63. These values surpassed our predefined thresholds for item inclusion. Significant improvements in condition-specific and HRQoL components following urethroplasty demonstrated responsiveness to change (p < 0.0001). Wider implementation and review of the PROM will be required to establish generalisability across different disease states and for more complex interventions.ConclusionsThis pilot study has defined a succinct, practical, and psychometrically robust PROM designed specifically to quantify changes in voiding symptoms and HRQoL following urethral stricture surgery.",
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AU - Jackson, M J

AU - Sciberras, J

AU - Mangera, A

AU - Brett, A

AU - Watkin, N

AU - N'Dow, J

AU - Chapple, C

AU - Andrich, D E

AU - Pickard, R

AU - Mundy, A R

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N2 - BackgroundA systematic literature review did not identify a formally validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for urethral stricture surgery.ObjectiveDevise a PROM for urethral stricture surgery and evaluate its psychometric properties in a pilot study to determine suitability for wider implementation.Design, setting, and participantsConstructs were identified from existing condition-specific and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments. Men scheduled for urethroplasty were prospectively enrolled at five centres.InterventionParticipants self-completed the draft PROM before and 6 mo after surgery.MeasurementsQuestion sets underwent psychometric assessment targeting criterion and content validity, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, acceptability, and responsiveness.Results and limitationsA total of 85 men completed the preoperative PROM, with 49 also completing the postoperative PROM at a median of 146 d; and 31 the preoperative PROM twice at a median interval of 22 d for test-retest analysis. Expert opinion and patient feedback supported content validity. Excellent correlation between voiding symptom scores and maximum flow rate (r = -0.75), supported by parallel improvements in EQ-5D visual analogue and time trade-off scores, established criterion validity. Test-retest intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.83 to 0.91 for the total voiding score and 0.93 for the construct overall; Cronbach's a was 0.80, ranging from 0.76 to 0.80 with any one item deleted. Item-total correlations ranged from 0.44 to 0.63. These values surpassed our predefined thresholds for item inclusion. Significant improvements in condition-specific and HRQoL components following urethroplasty demonstrated responsiveness to change (p < 0.0001). Wider implementation and review of the PROM will be required to establish generalisability across different disease states and for more complex interventions.ConclusionsThis pilot study has defined a succinct, practical, and psychometrically robust PROM designed specifically to quantify changes in voiding symptoms and HRQoL following urethral stricture surgery.

AB - BackgroundA systematic literature review did not identify a formally validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for urethral stricture surgery.ObjectiveDevise a PROM for urethral stricture surgery and evaluate its psychometric properties in a pilot study to determine suitability for wider implementation.Design, setting, and participantsConstructs were identified from existing condition-specific and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments. Men scheduled for urethroplasty were prospectively enrolled at five centres.InterventionParticipants self-completed the draft PROM before and 6 mo after surgery.MeasurementsQuestion sets underwent psychometric assessment targeting criterion and content validity, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, acceptability, and responsiveness.Results and limitationsA total of 85 men completed the preoperative PROM, with 49 also completing the postoperative PROM at a median of 146 d; and 31 the preoperative PROM twice at a median interval of 22 d for test-retest analysis. Expert opinion and patient feedback supported content validity. Excellent correlation between voiding symptom scores and maximum flow rate (r = -0.75), supported by parallel improvements in EQ-5D visual analogue and time trade-off scores, established criterion validity. Test-retest intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.83 to 0.91 for the total voiding score and 0.93 for the construct overall; Cronbach's a was 0.80, ranging from 0.76 to 0.80 with any one item deleted. Item-total correlations ranged from 0.44 to 0.63. These values surpassed our predefined thresholds for item inclusion. Significant improvements in condition-specific and HRQoL components following urethroplasty demonstrated responsiveness to change (p < 0.0001). Wider implementation and review of the PROM will be required to establish generalisability across different disease states and for more complex interventions.ConclusionsThis pilot study has defined a succinct, practical, and psychometrically robust PROM designed specifically to quantify changes in voiding symptoms and HRQoL following urethral stricture surgery.

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DO - 10.1016/j.eururo.2011.03.003

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 60

EP - 68

JO - European Urology

JF - European Urology

SN - 0302-2838

IS - 1

ER -