Dietary Shifts in Nepal and its possible impacts on overweight and obesity

Y. P. Subedi, D. Marais, D. Newlands

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract

Abstract

The nutrition transition involves economic, demographic, dietary and epidemiological shifts, which are each affected by one
another.
Patterns and trends of Nepalese transitions are unknown. This study aimed to describe the economic, dietary and obesity
shifts in Nepal by identifying economic time-series trends from government databases; dietary trends from food balance sheets and
obesity shifts from family health and demographic health surveys. Trends were calculated at
five yearly increments from available data
from 1970 to 2010.
The average proportion of energy from fat has significantly increased from 13% in 1970 to 17% in 2010 (p<0.05) (Figure 1). Plant
fat and sugar are the main contributors to the increased energy intake trends over the 40 years, followed by meat,fish, milk and eggs.
Data shows that overweight and obesity rates have increased from 21% of women to 27% in the urban population.
Nepalese dietary patterns have changed over the past forty years, especially with increased energy from plant fat, sugar and animal products coinciding with increased levels of obesity and overweight, especially in urban areas.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberE320
Number of pages1
JournalProceedings of the Nutrition Society
Volume72
Issue numberOCE5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013
EventJoint Nutrition Society, Belgian and French Nutrition Societies meeting 28 – 29 May 2013, Sustainable Diet and Food Security - , France
Duration: 28 May 201329 Apr 2014

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Nepal
Obesity
Economics
Fats
Demography
Urban Population
Family Health
Energy Intake
Meat
Eggs
Fishes
Milk
Databases
Food

Cite this

Dietary Shifts in Nepal and its possible impacts on overweight and obesity. / Subedi, Y. P.; Marais, D.; Newlands, D.

In: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, Vol. 72, No. OCE5, E320, 01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract

Subedi, Y. P. ; Marais, D. ; Newlands, D. / Dietary Shifts in Nepal and its possible impacts on overweight and obesity. In: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2013 ; Vol. 72, No. OCE5.
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