Dimensions of perceived control: A factor analysis of three measures and an examination of their relation to activity level and mood in a student and cross-cultural patient sample

Debbie Lee Bonetti, Marie Johnston, J. Rodriguez-Marin, M. Pastor, M. Martin-Aragon, E. Doherty, K. Sheehan

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41 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated whether measures of three perceived control (PC) concepts tapped independent dimensions, were invariant to population characteristics of health and culture, were differentially sensitive to health outcomes, and were discriminable from self-report disability. The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control, Generalized Self-efficacy, and Perceived Health Competence (PHC) Scales were administered to 106 Scottish students and 145 Scottish, Spanish and Irish patients, who also completed versions of the Sickness Impact Profile. Principal Components analyses revealed five factors reflecting scale constructions for students and six factors for patients, as PHC items fell on two factors. Disability items fell on a separate factor from all PC items. Results suggest: (a) PC is multidimensional regardless of health and culture; (b) adequate assessment requires multiple PC measures; and (c) it is meaningful to consider PC as a possible influence on disability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-674
Number of pages19
JournalPsychology & Health
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • perceived control
  • disability
  • activity level
  • factor analysis
  • Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale
  • Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale
  • Perceived Health Competence Scale
  • cross-cultural
  • Sickness Impact Profile
  • multidimensional health locus
  • sickness impact profile
  • self-efficacy
  • control scales
  • beliefs
  • recovery
  • Spanish

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