Direct Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Tropical And Sub-Tropical Agricultural Systems

A Review and Modelling of Emission Factors

Fabrizio Albanito, Ulrike Lebender, Thomas Cornulier, Tek B. Sapkota, Frank Brentrup, Clare Stirling, Jon Hillier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There has been much debate about the uncertainties associated with the estimation of direct and indirect agricultural nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions in developing countries and in particular from tropical regions. In this study, we report an up-to-date review of the information published in peer-review journals on direct N2O emissions from agricultural systems in tropical and sub-tropical regions. We statistically analyze net-N2O-N emissions to estimate tropic-specific annual N2O emission factors (N2O-EFs) using a Generalized Additive Mixed Model (GAMM) which allowed the effects of multiple covariates to be modelled as linear or smooth non-linear continuous functions. Overall the mean N2O-EF was 1.2% for the tropics and sub-tropics, thus within the uncertainty range of IPCC-EF. On a regional basis, mean N2O-EFs were 1.4% for Africa, 1.1%, for Asia, 0.9% for Australia and 1.3% for Central & South America. Our annual N2O-EFs, estimated for a range of fertiliser rates using the available data, do not support recent studies hypothesising non-linear increase N2O-EFs as a function of applied N. Our findings highlight that in reporting annual N2O emissions and estimating N2O-EFs, particular attention should be paid in modelling the effect of study length on response of N2O.
Original languageEnglish
Article number44235
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2017

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nitrous oxide
farming system
modeling
subtropical region
tropical region
emission factor
developing world
fertilizer
tropics

Keywords

  • element cycles
  • environmental impact
  • environmental monitoring

Cite this

Direct Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Tropical And Sub-Tropical Agricultural Systems : A Review and Modelling of Emission Factors. / Albanito, Fabrizio; Lebender, Ulrike ; Cornulier, Thomas; Sapkota, Tek B. ; Brentrup, Frank; Stirling, Clare; Hillier, Jon.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, 44235, 10.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "There has been much debate about the uncertainties associated with the estimation of direct and indirect agricultural nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions in developing countries and in particular from tropical regions. In this study, we report an up-to-date review of the information published in peer-review journals on direct N2O emissions from agricultural systems in tropical and sub-tropical regions. We statistically analyze net-N2O-N emissions to estimate tropic-specific annual N2O emission factors (N2O-EFs) using a Generalized Additive Mixed Model (GAMM) which allowed the effects of multiple covariates to be modelled as linear or smooth non-linear continuous functions. Overall the mean N2O-EF was 1.2{\%} for the tropics and sub-tropics, thus within the uncertainty range of IPCC-EF. On a regional basis, mean N2O-EFs were 1.4{\%} for Africa, 1.1{\%}, for Asia, 0.9{\%} for Australia and 1.3{\%} for Central & South America. Our annual N2O-EFs, estimated for a range of fertiliser rates using the available data, do not support recent studies hypothesising non-linear increase N2O-EFs as a function of applied N. Our findings highlight that in reporting annual N2O emissions and estimating N2O-EFs, particular attention should be paid in modelling the effect of study length on response of N2O.",
keywords = "element cycles, environmental impact, environmental monitoring",
author = "Fabrizio Albanito and Ulrike Lebender and Thomas Cornulier and Sapkota, {Tek B.} and Frank Brentrup and Clare Stirling and Jon Hillier",
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AU - Cornulier, Thomas

AU - Sapkota, Tek B.

AU - Brentrup, Frank

AU - Stirling, Clare

AU - Hillier, Jon

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AB - There has been much debate about the uncertainties associated with the estimation of direct and indirect agricultural nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions in developing countries and in particular from tropical regions. In this study, we report an up-to-date review of the information published in peer-review journals on direct N2O emissions from agricultural systems in tropical and sub-tropical regions. We statistically analyze net-N2O-N emissions to estimate tropic-specific annual N2O emission factors (N2O-EFs) using a Generalized Additive Mixed Model (GAMM) which allowed the effects of multiple covariates to be modelled as linear or smooth non-linear continuous functions. Overall the mean N2O-EF was 1.2% for the tropics and sub-tropics, thus within the uncertainty range of IPCC-EF. On a regional basis, mean N2O-EFs were 1.4% for Africa, 1.1%, for Asia, 0.9% for Australia and 1.3% for Central & South America. Our annual N2O-EFs, estimated for a range of fertiliser rates using the available data, do not support recent studies hypothesising non-linear increase N2O-EFs as a function of applied N. Our findings highlight that in reporting annual N2O emissions and estimating N2O-EFs, particular attention should be paid in modelling the effect of study length on response of N2O.

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