Dual Channel Control with DC Fault Ride Through for MMC-based, Isolated DC/DC Converter

Dragan Jovcic, Huibin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper presents the two-channel controller with inner current loops for dual bridge, DC/DC converter, based on MMC (Modular Multilevel Converter) technology. The DC/DC control strategy is based on two inner fast current control loops in dq rotating frame at each of the two MMC bridges. These current controls facilitate operation through DC faults at either DC bus. The active power control is shared by two MMCs, at the slower outer control level. The second outer control loop minimizes losses, which is achieved by feedback control of magnitude of both modulation indices at maximal value of 0.95 at all loading levels. The controller is symmetrical, provides bidirectional power flow and responds equally to faults on either DC bus. Under DC fault conditions, one MMC actively controls the inner AC current, while temporary blocking of MMC on faulted side is required to prevent cell capacitor discharge. The validity of the proposed control is verified on PSCAD using a 600MW, 500kV/640kV test DC/DC model. The controller can be used for control/stability studies with large DC grids that contain DC/DC converters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1574 - 1582
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Volume32
Issue number3
Early online date1 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

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DC-DC converters
Electric current control
Controllers
Level control
Power control
Feedback control
Capacitors
Modulation
bus

Keywords

  • HVDC transmission
  • DC-DC power converters
  • modular multilevel converters
  • average value model
  • DC power transmission
  • Circuit faults
  • Current control
  • Bridge circuits
  • Circuit breakers
  • Loading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Dual Channel Control with DC Fault Ride Through for MMC-based, Isolated DC/DC Converter. / Jovcic, Dragan; Zhang, Huibin.

In: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 32, No. 3, 01.06.2017, p. 1574 - 1582 .

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "This paper presents the two-channel controller with inner current loops for dual bridge, DC/DC converter, based on MMC (Modular Multilevel Converter) technology. The DC/DC control strategy is based on two inner fast current control loops in dq rotating frame at each of the two MMC bridges. These current controls facilitate operation through DC faults at either DC bus. The active power control is shared by two MMCs, at the slower outer control level. The second outer control loop minimizes losses, which is achieved by feedback control of magnitude of both modulation indices at maximal value of 0.95 at all loading levels. The controller is symmetrical, provides bidirectional power flow and responds equally to faults on either DC bus. Under DC fault conditions, one MMC actively controls the inner AC current, while temporary blocking of MMC on faulted side is required to prevent cell capacitor discharge. The validity of the proposed control is verified on PSCAD using a 600MW, 500kV/640kV test DC/DC model. The controller can be used for control/stability studies with large DC grids that contain DC/DC converters.",
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