Using the Survey of Doctoral Recipients, the magnitude and consequences of job mismatch are estimated for Ph.D.s in science. Approximately one-sixth of academics and nearly one-half of nonacademics report some degree of mismatch. The influence of job mismatch is estimated for three job outcomes: earnings, job satisfaction and turnover. Surprisingly large and robust influences emerge. Mismatch is associated with substantially lower earnings, lower job satisfaction and a higher rate of turnover. These results persist across a variety of specifications and hold for both academics and nonacademics. Estimates of the determinants of mismatch indicate that older workers and those in rapidly changing disciplines are more likely to be mismatched and there is a suggestion that women are more likely to be mismatched.
|Title of host publication||Science and Engineering Careers in the United States|
|Subtitle of host publication||An analysis of markets and employment|
|Editors||Richard Freeman, Daniel Goroff|
|Place of Publication||Chicago, IL|
|Publisher||University of Chicago Press|
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2009|
- scientific careers
- earnings differentials
- job satisfaction
Bender, K. A., & Heywood, J. (2009). Educational Mismatch among PhDs: Determinants and Consequences. In R. Freeman, & D. Goroff (Eds.), Science and Engineering Careers in the United States: An analysis of markets and employment (pp. 229-255). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.