Effect of Different Types of Physical Activity on Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Christine E Roberts, Louise H Phillips, Clare L Cooper, Stuart Gray, Julia L Allan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Physical activity is associated with greater independence in old age. However, little is known about the effect of physical activity level and activity type on activities of daily living (ADL). This review systematically analyzed the effects of physical activity level and activity type on ADL in older adults (mean age, 60+). Electronic search methods (up to March 2015) identified 47 relevant, randomized controlled trials. Random effects meta-analyses revealed significant, beneficial effects of physical activity on ADL physical performance (SMD = 0.72, 95% CI [0.45, 1.00]; p < 0.01), with the largest effects found for moderate physical activity levels, and for activity types with high levels of mental (e.g. memory, attention), physical (e.g. coordination, balance) and social (e.g. social interaction) demands. Inconsistent effects were observed on self-reported ADL measures. Interventions that include moderate physical activity levels with high mental, physical and social demands may produce greatest benefits on ADL physical performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-670
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2017

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Activities of Daily Living
Meta-Analysis
Interpersonal Relations
Randomized Controlled Trials

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • activities of daily living
  • older adults
  • systematic review
  • aging

Cite this

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title = "Effect of Different Types of Physical Activity on Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis",
abstract = "Physical activity is associated with greater independence in old age. However, little is known about the effect of physical activity level and activity type on activities of daily living (ADL). This review systematically analyzed the effects of physical activity level and activity type on ADL in older adults (mean age, 60+). Electronic search methods (up to March 2015) identified 47 relevant, randomized controlled trials. Random effects meta-analyses revealed significant, beneficial effects of physical activity on ADL physical performance (SMD = 0.72, 95{\%} CI [0.45, 1.00]; p < 0.01), with the largest effects found for moderate physical activity levels, and for activity types with high levels of mental (e.g. memory, attention), physical (e.g. coordination, balance) and social (e.g. social interaction) demands. Inconsistent effects were observed on self-reported ADL measures. Interventions that include moderate physical activity levels with high mental, physical and social demands may produce greatest benefits on ADL physical performance.",
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AU - Phillips, Louise H

AU - Cooper, Clare L

AU - Gray, Stuart

AU - Allan, Julia L

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AB - Physical activity is associated with greater independence in old age. However, little is known about the effect of physical activity level and activity type on activities of daily living (ADL). This review systematically analyzed the effects of physical activity level and activity type on ADL in older adults (mean age, 60+). Electronic search methods (up to March 2015) identified 47 relevant, randomized controlled trials. Random effects meta-analyses revealed significant, beneficial effects of physical activity on ADL physical performance (SMD = 0.72, 95% CI [0.45, 1.00]; p < 0.01), with the largest effects found for moderate physical activity levels, and for activity types with high levels of mental (e.g. memory, attention), physical (e.g. coordination, balance) and social (e.g. social interaction) demands. Inconsistent effects were observed on self-reported ADL measures. Interventions that include moderate physical activity levels with high mental, physical and social demands may produce greatest benefits on ADL physical performance.

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