Effect of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on performance on a progressive ratio schedule

Lourdes Valencia-Torres, C M Bradshaw, Arturo Bouzas, Enrique Hong, Vladimir Orduña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale
It has been suggested that streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes causes a motivational deficit in rodents. However, some of the evidence adduced in support of this suggestion may be interpreted in terms of a motor impairment rather than a motivational deficit.
Objective
This experiment examined the effect of STZ-induced diabetes on performance on a progressive ratio schedule. The data were analysed using a new model derived from Killeen’s (Behav Brain Sci 17:105–172, 1994) Mathematical Principles of Reinforcement model which enables the effects of interventions on motivation or incentive value to be separated from effects on motor function.
Method
Animals were trained under a progressive ratio schedule using food-pellet reinforcement. Then they received a single intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg of STZ or the vehicle. Training continued for 30 sessions after treatment. Running and overall response rates in successive ratios were analysed using the new model, and estimates of the model’s parameters were compared between groups.
Results
The parameter expressing incentive value was reduced in the group treated with STZ, whereas the parameters expressing motor capacity and post-reinforcement pausing were not affected by the treatment. Blood glucose concentration was significantly elevated in the STZ-treated group compared to the vehicle-treated group.
Conclusions
The results are consistent with the suggestion that STZ-induced diabetes is associated with a reduction of the incentive value of food.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2375-2384
Number of pages10
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume231
Issue number12
Early online date9 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • streptozotocin-induced diabetes
  • progressive ratio schedule
  • reinforcer value
  • motivation
  • insulin
  • hyperphagia

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