Effects of arsenic-contaminated irrigation water on growth, yield, and nutrient concentration in rice

M. Hossain, M. R. Islam, M. Jahiruddin, A. Abedin, S. Islam, A. A. Meharg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study was undertaken to determine the effects of different concentrations of arsenic (As) in irrigation water on Boro (dry-season) rice (Oryza sativa) and their residual effects on the following Aman (wet-season) rice. There were six treatments, with 0, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg As L-1 applied as disodium hydrogen arsenate. All the growth and yield parameters of Boro rice responded positively at lower concentrations of up to 0.25 mg As L-1 in irrigation water but decreased sharply at concentrations more than 0.5 mg As L-1. Arsenic concentrations in grain and straw of Boro rice increased significantly with increasing concentration of As in irrigation water. The grain As concentration was in the range of 0.25 to 0.97 mu g g(-1) and its concentration in rice straw varied from 2.4 to 9.6 mu g g(-1) over the treatments. Residual As from previous Boro rice showed a very similar pattern in the following Aman rice, although As concentration in Aman rice grain and straw over the treatments was almost half of the As levels in Boro rice grain. Arsenic concentrations in both grain and straw of Boro and Aman rice were found to correlate with iron and be antagonistic with phosphorus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-313
Number of pages12
JournalCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Volume39
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • arsenic
  • grain arsenic
  • grain yield
  • irrigation
  • rice
  • straw arsenic
  • Bangladesh
  • soil

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