Effects of phosphate on arsenate and arsenite sensitivity in two rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars of different sensitivity

Daniel Lou-Hing, Bo Zhang, Adam H. Price, Andy A. Meharg

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arsenate and arsenite sensitivity and arsenate influx tests were conducted for two rice cultivars of different arsenic sensitivity. Azucena and Bala. These were to establish if the mechanism of reduced arsenic sensitivity is achieved through an altered phosphate uptake system, as shown for Holcus lanatus. High phosphate treatments (>= 50 mu M) provided protection against both arsenate and arsenite. Unlike the H. lanatus tolerance mechanism, in the less sensitive cultivar Bala, arsenate influx did not decrease with phosphate treatment and phosphate transporters appeared to be constitutively upregulated; V-max for arsenate influx remain similar when Bala was grown in the presence or absence of phosphate (V-max - 0.90 and 0.63 nmol g(-1) f.wt min(-1) respectively). Although mean K-m appear different, Bala did not show lower affinity to arsenate than Azucena in the absence of phosphate (K-m - Azucena, 0.30 mM and Bala, 0.18), while in phosphate treatment, Bala arsenate affinity was half that observed for Azucena (K-m - Azucena, 0.14 and Bala, 0.36 mM). These were low compared to a 4 and 6 fold decrease seen for similar studies on H. lanatus in the absence and presence of phosphate. Phosphate-induced arsenic protection was observed but the mechanism does not resemble that of H. lanatus. Alternative mechanisms were discussed. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
Volume72
Issue number1
Early online date17 Nov 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • arsenic
  • sensitivity
  • rice
  • phosphorus
  • Holcus lanatus
  • tolerance
  • Holcus-lanatus L
  • uptake system
  • seedlings
  • detoxification
  • exposure
  • roots

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