Electrochemical Performance of Nanosized Disordered LiVOPO4

Yong Shi, Hui Zhou, Ieuan D. Seymour, Sylvia Britto, Jatinkumar Rana, Linda W. Wangoh, Yiqing Huang, Qiyue Yin, Philip J. Reeves, Mateusz Zuba, Youngmin Chung, Fredrick Omenya, Natasha A. Chernova, Guangwen Zhou, Louis F.J. Piper, Clare P. Grey, M. Stanley Whittingham*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


ϵ-LiVOPO4 is a promising multielectron cathode material for Li-ion batteries that can accommodate two electrons per vanadium, leading to higher energy densities. However, poor electronic conductivity and low lithium ion diffusivity currently result in low rate capability and poor cycle life. To enhance the electrochemical performance of ϵ-LiVOPO4, in this work, we optimized its solid-state synthesis route using in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction and applied a combination of high-energy ball-milling with electronically and ionically conductive coatings aiming to improve bulk and surface Li diffusion. We show that high-energy ball-milling, while reducing the particle size also introduces structural disorder, as evidenced by 7Li and 31P NMR and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. We also show that a combination of electronically and ionically conductive coatings helps to utilize close to theoretical capacity for ϵ-LiVOPO4 at C/50 (1 C = 153 mA h g-1) and to enhance rate performance and capacity retention. The optimized ϵ-LiVOPO4/Li3VO4/acetylene black composite yields the high cycling capacity of 250 mA h g-1 at C/5 for over 70 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7310-7323
Number of pages14
JournalACS Omega
Issue number7
Early online date3 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2018


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