Essential Emergency and Critical Care: A Priority for Global Health Systems

Dakota Yvonne Duowari, Christian Owoo, Lalit Gupta, Carl Otto Schell, Tim Baker* (Corresponding Author), The EECC Network Group

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Critical illness is a state of ill health with vital organ dysfunction, a high risk of imminent death if care is not provided, and the potential for reversibility. An estimated 45 million adults become critically ill each year. While some are treated in emergency departments or intensive care units, most are cared for in general hospital wards. We outline a priority for health systems globally: the first-tier care that all critically ill patients should receive in all parts of all hospitals: Essential Emergency and Critical Care. We describe its relation to other specialties and care and opportunities for implementation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-656
Number of pages17
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number4
Early online date27 Sep 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022


  • Critical care
  • Emergency care
  • Essential health services
  • Global health
  • Low- and middle-income countries
  • Quality of care


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