Facial appearance is a cue to reproductive hormone levels in women

M. J. Law Smith, D. I. Perrett, Benedict Christopher Jones, E. C. Cornwell, F. R. Moore, D. R. Feinberg, L. Boothroyd, M. R. Stirrat, S. Whiten, R. M. Pitman, S. G. Hillier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although many accounts of facial attractiveness propose that femininity in women's faces indicates high levels of oestrogen, there is little empirical evidence in support of this assumption. Here, we used assays for urinary metabolites of oestrogen (oestrone-3-glucuronide, E1G) and progesterone (pregnanediol-3-glucuronide, P3G) to investigate the relationship between circulating gonadal hormones and ratings of the femininity, attractiveness and apparent health of women's faces. Positive correlations were observed between late follicular oestrogen and ratings of femininity, attractiveness and health. Positive correlations of luteal progesterone and health and attractiveness ratings were marginally significant. Ratings of facial attributions did not relate to hormone levels for women wearing make-up when photographed. There was no effect of sex of rater on the relationships between oestrogen and ratings of facial appearance. These findings demonstrate that female facial appearance holds detectable cues to reproductive health that are considered attractive by other people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-140
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of London. B, Biological Sciences
Volume273
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • facial attractiveness
  • sexual dimorphism
  • oestrogen
  • progesterone
  • TO-HIP RATIO
  • FEMALE ATTRACTIVENESS
  • CONCEPTION CYCLES
  • SEXUAL-DIMORPHISM
  • MENSTRUAL-CYCLE
  • SIGNAL HEALTH
  • PROGESTERONE
  • PROFILES
  • FACES
  • AVERAGENESS

Cite this

Law Smith, M. J., Perrett, D. I., Jones, B. C., Cornwell, E. C., Moore, F. R., Feinberg, D. R., ... Hillier, S. G. (2006). Facial appearance is a cue to reproductive hormone levels in women. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B, Biological Sciences, 273, 135-140. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3296

Facial appearance is a cue to reproductive hormone levels in women. / Law Smith, M. J.; Perrett, D. I.; Jones, Benedict Christopher; Cornwell, E. C.; Moore, F. R.; Feinberg, D. R.; Boothroyd, L.; Stirrat, M. R.; Whiten, S.; Pitman, R. M.; Hillier, S. G.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B, Biological Sciences, Vol. 273, 2006, p. 135-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Law Smith, MJ, Perrett, DI, Jones, BC, Cornwell, EC, Moore, FR, Feinberg, DR, Boothroyd, L, Stirrat, MR, Whiten, S, Pitman, RM & Hillier, SG 2006, 'Facial appearance is a cue to reproductive hormone levels in women', Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B, Biological Sciences, vol. 273, pp. 135-140. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3296
Law Smith, M. J. ; Perrett, D. I. ; Jones, Benedict Christopher ; Cornwell, E. C. ; Moore, F. R. ; Feinberg, D. R. ; Boothroyd, L. ; Stirrat, M. R. ; Whiten, S. ; Pitman, R. M. ; Hillier, S. G. / Facial appearance is a cue to reproductive hormone levels in women. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B, Biological Sciences. 2006 ; Vol. 273. pp. 135-140.
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