Female-biased infection and transmission of the gastrointestinal nematode Trichuris arvicolae infecting the common vole, Microtus arvalis

Andreas Sanchez, Godefroy Devevey, Pierre Bize*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies addressing the importance of host gender in parasite transmission have shed light on males as the more important hosts, with the higher transmission potential of males being explained by the fact that they often harbour higher parasite loads than females. However, in some systems females are more heavily infected than males and may be responsible for driving infection under such circumstances. Using a wild population of common voles (Microtus arvalis), we showed that females were more frequently infected by the intestinal nematode Trichuris arvicolae than males (i.e. prevalence based on the presence of eggs in the faeces) and that females were shedding greater numbers of parasite eggs per gram of faeces (EPG) than males. By applying an anthelmintic treatment to either male or female voles, we demonstrated that treating females significantly reduced parasite burdens (i.e. prevalence and EPG) of both male and female hosts, while treating males only reduced parasite burden in males. These findings indicate that in this female-biased infection system females play a more important role than males in driving the dynamics of parasite transmission. (C) 2011 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397-1402
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume41
Issue number13-14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Parasite-biased infection
  • Parasite-biased transmission
  • Host gender
  • Nematode
  • Microtus arvalis
  • APODEMUS-FLAVICOLLIS
  • PARASITE DYNAMICS
  • DISEASE DYNAMICS
  • SEX
  • POPULATIONS
  • HOST
  • MAMMALS
  • MURIS
  • SELECTION
  • COST

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